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28 Feb 2011
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CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION TO BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION
Defining Human Behavior
behavior – what people say and do; not a static characteristic of a person
ohas one or more measurable DIMENSIONS
frequency, duration and intensity
ocan be observed, described and recorded by others
ohas an impact on the environment
ois lawful; its occurrence is systematically influenced by environmental events
omay be overt or covert
overt behavior – action that can be observed or recorded by a person OTHER than the one
engaging in the behavior
covert behavior (private events ) not observable by others; can only be reported by the
person performing the behavior
Defining Behavior Modification
behavior modification – field of psychology concerned with analyzing and modifying human behavior
oanalyzing – identifying functional relationship between environmental events and a particular
behavior to understand the reasons for behavior or determine why person behaved that way
omodifying – developing and implementing procedures to help people change their behavior
Characteristics of Behavior Modification
focuses on the behavior
ofocuses on the actions (rocking back and forth) not the label (schizophrenia)
otarget behavior – the behavior to be modified
behavioral excess – undesirable target behavior that person wants to decrease in
frequency, duration or intensity
behavioral deficit – desirable target behavior that person wants to increase in frequency,
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Document Summary

Action that can be observed or recorded by a person other than the one engaging in the behavior covert behavior (private events. ) not observable by others; can only be reported by the person performing the behavior. Characteristics of behavior modification focuses on the behavior: focuses on the actions (rocking back and forth) not the label (schizophrenia, target behavior. The behavior to be modified behavioral excess. Undesirable target behavior that person wants to decrease in frequency, duration or intensity behavioral deficit. Desirable target behavior that person wants to increase in frequency, www. notesolution. com duration or intensity procedures used are based on behavioral principals: experimental analysis of behavior (behavior analysis) Is the scientific study of behavior: applied behavior analysis. The scientific study of human behavior emphasizes current environmental events: controlling variables. Historical roots of behavior modification: major figures, ivan pavlov through experimentation he introduced conditioned reflex respondent conditioning (classical conditioning, edward thorndike law of effect.

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