Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (160,000)
UTSC (20,000)
Psychology (10,000)
PSYB45H3 (1,000)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell
Chapter
1

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CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION TO BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION
Defining Human Behavior
behavior – what people say and do; not a static characteristic of a person
ohas one or more measurable DIMENSIONS
frequency, duration and intensity
ocan be observed, described and recorded by others
ohas an impact on the environment
ois lawful; its occurrence is systematically influenced by environmental events
omay be overt or covert
overt behavior – action that can be observed or recorded by a person OTHER than the one
engaging in the behavior
covert behavior (private events ) not observable by others; can only be reported by the
person performing the behavior
Defining Behavior Modification
behavior modification – field of psychology concerned with analyzing and modifying human behavior
oanalyzing – identifying functional relationship between environmental events and a particular
behavior to understand the reasons for behavior or determine why person behaved that way
omodifying – developing and implementing procedures to help people change their behavior
Characteristics of Behavior Modification
focuses on the behavior
ofocuses on the actions (rocking back and forth) not the label (schizophrenia)
otarget behavior – the behavior to be modified
behavioral excess – undesirable target behavior that person wants to decrease in
frequency, duration or intensity
behavioral deficit – desirable target behavior that person wants to increase in frequency,
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