# Chapter 3

CHAPTER 3 ā GRAPHING BEHAVIOR AND MEASURING CHANGE

Introduction

ā¢primary tool used to document behavior change is a graph

Components of a Graph

ā¢in typical behavior modification graph, time and behavior are the 2 variables

ā¢6 necessary components

oy-axis and x-axis

olabels for the axes

onumbers on the axes

odata points

ophase line āvertical line on the graph that indicates a change in treatment

īdata points are not connected across phase lines

ophase labels

ībaseline ā no treatment phase

īlabel for treatment phase usually identifies the one being used

Graphing Different Dimensions of Behavior

ā¢other types of graphs are possible for different measured dimensions however the same 6 components of the

graph must be present

Research Designs

ā¢research design ā used to determine whether the treatment (IV) is responsible for the observed change in

target behavior (DV) and to rule out possibility of extraneous variables (confounding variable) that may

have influenced the results

ofunctional relationship ā when it is shown that behavior modification causes a target behavior

change

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## Document Summary

Chapter 3 graphing behavior and measuring change. Introduction primary tool used to document behavior change is a graph. Components of a graph in typical behavior modification graph, time and behavior are the 2 variables. 6 necessary components: y-axis and x-axis, labels for the axes, numbers on the axes, data points, phase line. Vertical line on the graph that indicates a change in treatment data points are not connected across phase lines: phase labels baseline. No treatment phase label for treatment phase usually identifies the one being used. Graphing different dimensions of behavior other types of graphs are possible for different measured dimensions however the same 6 components of the graph must be present. Used to determine whether the treatment (iv) is responsible for the observed change in target behavior (dv) and to rule out possibility of extraneous variables (confounding variable) that may have influenced the results: functional relationship.