Chapter 3

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28 Feb 2011
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CHAPTER 3 ā GRAPHING BEHAVIOR AND MEASURING CHANGE
Introduction
ā¢primary tool used to document behavior change is a graph
Components of a Graph
ā¢in typical behavior modification graph, time and behavior are the 2 variables
ā¢6 necessary components
oy-axis and x-axis
olabels for the axes
onumbers on the axes
odata points
ophase line āvertical line on the graph that indicates a change in treatment
īdata points are not connected across phase lines
ophase labels
ībaseline ā no treatment phase
īlabel for treatment phase usually identifies the one being used
Graphing Different Dimensions of Behavior
ā¢other types of graphs are possible for different measured dimensions however the same 6 components of the
graph must be present
Research Designs
ā¢research design ā used to determine whether the treatment (IV) is responsible for the observed change in
target behavior (DV) and to rule out possibility of extraneous variables (confounding variable) that may
have influenced the results
ofunctional relationship ā when it is shown that behavior modification causes a target behavior
change
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Document Summary

Chapter 3 graphing behavior and measuring change. Introduction primary tool used to document behavior change is a graph. Components of a graph in typical behavior modification graph, time and behavior are the 2 variables. 6 necessary components: y-axis and x-axis, labels for the axes, numbers on the axes, data points, phase line. Vertical line on the graph that indicates a change in treatment data points are not connected across phase lines: phase labels baseline. No treatment phase label for treatment phase usually identifies the one being used. Graphing different dimensions of behavior other types of graphs are possible for different measured dimensions however the same 6 components of the graph must be present. Used to determine whether the treatment (iv) is responsible for the observed change in target behavior (dv) and to rule out possibility of extraneous variables (confounding variable) that may have influenced the results: functional relationship.

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