Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (160,000)
UTSC (20,000)
Psychology (10,000)
PSYB45H3 (1,000)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell
Chapter
3

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CHAPTER 3 – GRAPHING BEHAVIOR AND MEASURING CHANGE
Introduction
primary tool used to document behavior change is a graph
Components of a Graph
in typical behavior modification graph, time and behavior are the 2 variables
6 necessary components
oy-axis and x-axis
olabels for the axes
onumbers on the axes
odata points
ophase line –vertical line on the graph that indicates a change in treatment
data points are not connected across phase lines
ophase labels
baseline – no treatment phase
label for treatment phase usually identifies the one being used
Graphing Different Dimensions of Behavior
other types of graphs are possible for different measured dimensions however the same 6 components of the
graph must be present
Research Designs
research design – used to determine whether the treatment (IV) is responsible for the observed change in
target behavior (DV) and to rule out possibility of extraneous variables (confounding variable) that may
have influenced the results
ofunctional relationship – when it is shown that behavior modification causes a target behavior
change
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