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14 Apr 2012
Four Behavioral Skills Training (BST) Procedures
1. Modeling
2. Instructions
3. Rehearsal
4. Feedback
Used together in training sessions to help a person acquire useful skills (such as social skills)
BST procedures typically used to teach skills that can be simulated in a role-play context
Examples of Behavioral Skills Training Procedures
Teaching Marcia to say “ No” to the professors
She is a secretary at a university, has not been able to refuse these unreasonable requests
She is seeing a psychologists;; who use role-plays to assess Marcia’s assertiveness skills and to teach her
how to act more assertively
Dr.Mills (psychologist) uses both instructions and modeling
After Dr.Mills models this assertive behavior Marcia gets an opportunity to practice it (rehearsal)
Dr.Mills then gives her feedback on her performance
Components of the Behavioral Skills Training Procedure
Correct behavior is demonstrated for the learner
For modeling to be effective, the learner must have an imitative repertoire- that is the learner has to
be able to pay attention to the model and perform the behavior that the model just demonstrated
Reinforcement for imitation typically starts early in a child’s life
Imitating models ( teachers, parents, siblings and peers) reinforced many times
Modeling may be live or it may be symbolic
A) Live modeling another person demonstrates the appropriate behavior in the appropriate
B) Symbolic modeling The correct behavior is demonstrated on videotape, audiotape or possibly
in a cartoon or a movie
A number of factors influence the effectiveness of modeling [Bandura 1977]
When model exhibits correct behavior, it should result in a successful outcome (a
Reinforcer) for the model
Model should resemble the people observing the model or should have high status
Complexity of the model’s behavior should be appropriate to the developmental or ability
level of the learner
Leaner has to pay attention to the model to learn the behavior being modeled
Modeled behavior must occur in the proper context
Modeled behavior should be repeated as often as necessary for the learner to imitate it
Behavior should be modeled in a variety of ways and in a variety of situations to enhance
Learner should have an opportunity to rehearse (imitate) the behavior as soon as possible
after observing the model
Describe the appropriate behavior for the learner
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