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Chapter 6

Chapter 6 Study Notes


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell
Chapter
6

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Chapter 6-PSYB45-Punishment
Defining Punishment
person engaged in a behaviour and the immediate consequence made it less likely that the
person would repeat the behaviour in similar situations
punishment
behaviour occurs
consequence
behaviour is less likely to occur again in the future
punisher
aka aversive stimulus
consequence that makes a particular behaviour less likely to occur in the future
e.g. Dog bite
Juan teases his sisters and they start crying, his mother scold him and spanks him and he
stops for that day, but then he continues to do the behaviour day after day
is scolding and spanking a punisher in this situation?
NO...it is only a punisher if it causes the behaviour to decrease in the future
may actually be reinforcing for the parents because child stops the behaviour
temporarily, the parent continues spanking next time that happens
*you cannot define punishment by whether the consequence appears unfavourable or
aversive
Common Misconception about Punishment
in behaviour modification punishment is:
the consequence that decreases future occurrence of that behaviour
lay people
giving punishment in hopes that the behaviour will cease
intent is to hurt the person who has committed the act
Positive and Negative Punishment
difference between positive and negative is determined by the consequence
positive punishment
occurrence of a behaviour
presentation of aversive stimulus
behaviour is less likely to occur in the future
negative punishment
occurrence of a behaviour
removal of a reinforcing stimulus
behaviour is less likely to occur in the future
difference between punishment and reinforcement
punishment
weakens a behaviour
reinforcement
strengthens a behaviour
Premack principle
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