PSYB45H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Dyslexia, Applied Behavior Analysis, Specific Phobia

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Published on 20 Feb 2016
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 
Chapter 1 – Introduction
What is Behaviour?
Behaviour -  !"#$%$$%#&%"$'($)(*# *&(*#%#"*")#)*
)+%,%# $'$
-" %"$.%#*%$ !%(&$#"products of behaviour/$(& 
"0")+"*12"+%(#3!#%&()"$%"$
*4 .*4 %(*%(&.#%5 2$"2**overt (visible) behaviours/)2"
%2$"#+"&&#")%#&"&2&+&(*%"#"%"!"#,%#' "2"+%(#
)2"6(")"&22"+%(#'%&7)%$
Convert (private/internal) behaviours)+"$)%2"#"&*%2$"#+"&
2%"#$)2"6(")"&22"+%(#'%&7)%$
o%%($(**#","#%2"+%(#$&%"!#+"1&#"$$ %(##%%'
*%"3%#$")#"+")%$1)" %"8'3
o2"+%(#'%&7)%/#","#%)+"$%))(#95%":$$4;
#"<(#"$!")*$#('"$&!#%)"&(#"$,%#%"#$%%2$"#+"
4 5%#&$private self-talk.)*$%42'  =)% +"
2"+%(#$$5"**$)%+"#2"+%(#$
#)"#$)$%,2"+%(#%()'"$(#"dimensions of behaviour
o(#%%5*% *$$
o>#"<(")('2"#%,$)"$%))(# +"!"#%&%,'"
o"$?,%#)"!$)*"0%#%#""# +%*+"&"' "2"+%(#
1+ $#%  #!5"$4 &$3
Summary Labels for Behaviour
$ "#'$*4"%"$.)#",#"".#&5%#4 .(#"*2*"$(''#*2"*$2(&%
%#","#%$!")7)2"+%(#$
"$""#'$)+"'&0"#"'" $&&"$)#2"+#"%,&0"#"
)%$
%$+"#"$%$$(''#"#'$%#*2"*$,%#2"+%(##"($"&
o@()4*!#%+&  ""#*,%#'%2%(%5&+&(*' !"#,%#'
o'!*!#)(*##"'"!#% #'5%(*&2""*!,(*
$&+ "$
oA"&%pseudo-explanation?)#)(*##"$% *2"* )*&$&$*"8).
&'"8!* "#"$%"+"#$5%#&$$2")($""$&$*"8)
o" +"*0")"5&+&(*' 2"#""&,%)($ %
&+&(*:$!#%2*"'2"+%(#$#"#$#" $
""&%&"7"**!"$%,!#%2*"'$"#'$%,behavioural de$cits 1%**"
2"+%(#3%#behavioural excesses1%%'()2"+%(#3
o+%&!#%2*"'$%, ""#*$(''#*2"*$
o" #&*"$$%,*2"*$2"+%(#)($"$)%)"#$&'($2"#""&%
**"+""!#%2*"'
#%'!($%$""4'"&)*"%
o"#"#"$!")7)!#%)"&(#"$#"%5+*2*")2"($"&%'!#%+"
2"+%(#&0"#"$" $
What Is Behaviour Modi$cation
Behaviour modi$cation –$$"')!!*)%%,*"# !#)!*"$&
")<("$%$$"$$&'!#%+"&+&(*$)%+"#&%+"#2"+%(#$%#&"#%
")""#&*,()%
$B')#)"#$)$/
o$#% "'!$$%&"7 !#%2*"'$"#'$%,2"+%(#)2"
'"$(#"$%'"5
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Document Summary

Behaviour - anything a person says or does any muscular glandular or electrical activity of an organisms. Getting an a on a test, or losing 10 pounds are products of behaviour: studying effectively (behaviour) produces an a on a test. Walking, talking out loud, throwing a baseball overt (visible) behaviours: can be observed and recorded by an individual other than the one performing the behaviour. In behaviour modification: refer to activities that occur within one"s skin require special instruments and procedures for others to observe o. Thinking in words private self-talk, can also think by imaging = cognitive behaviours as well as covert behaviours. Characteristics of behaviour that you can measure dimensions of behaviour: duration how long it lasts o o. Frequency number of instances that occur in a given period of time. Intensity/force physical effort or energy involved in emitting the behaviour (having a strong grip when shaking hands)

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