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Chapter 3

PSYB45H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Classical Conditioning, Lightning, Operant Conditioning


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Jessica Dere
Chapter
3

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 
Chapter 3 – Respondent (Classical, Pavlovian) Condioning of
Reexive Behaviour
Behavioural Principles and Procedures
 !"#$% &%#$!! '()'*! +#) ,)-)./!#'
)" () *, (!% 0/$/! , (!% ! &0,$!,$, (!% ! &
Principle of Respondent Condioning
Respondent behaviours –-)./!#')$!,!*)(-"'!'%#$! (') *1),*)(-*.)!', )2#) ,)
o3$!/% &4.) )$$! &(! )',5! &6))$! &'!&.*) )(4.) 4*,.! &,'/!)
o +#) ,)-')" () *, (!% ! &4.!,.!-)( uncondionedreexes 7%#$#8
')" )')$% .!"! 4.!,.%#$##*%,$$)$!,!*')" )"'*' "'!'
$)' ! &0.'(4!')(9
o%#$#*.*)$!,!*')" )4!*.#*"'!'$)' ! &', (!% ! &0uncondioned smulus
(US)
oUncondioned response (UR) –')" ))$!,!*)(- # , (!% )(%#$#
o , (!% )(')+)30:
;!5)')&#$'-(!$# ,% 
Respondent condioning –! 7 )#*'$%#$#9!$$4)(,$)$! %)-*.*)$!,!*6
*.)"')/!#4!$$)$!,!*')" )! *.)#*#')
o! &! &-)$$ (*.) ))(! &(&64!$$')#$*! $!/% 6 ) #&.*.)(&4!$$ %,!"*)
*.)7-)$$'! &9 (!*4!$$-),)7, (!% )(')+)39
Condioned reex –%#$#8')" )')$% .!"! 4.!,.%#$#)$!,!*')" )-),#)"'!'
')" () *, (!% ! &
oCondioned smulus – %#$#*.*)$!,!*')" )-),#)*.*%#$#.-)) "!')(
4!*. *.)'%#$#*.*)$!,!**.*')" )
oCondioned response –')" ))$!,!*)(-, (!% )(%#$#
Factors Inuencing Respondent Conditioning
.)&')*)' #-)'"!'! &4!*.0&')*)'*.)-!$!**.)*)$!,!**.)
*' &)', (!% ! &,,#'!*.)"'),)()*.)--#*half a second'*.)'*. $ &%)6'
$$4! &*.)
o$$4*.)8<!5!())(&79 (*.)(&-'5 ()'4!$$-)
oBackward condioning – (&-'5! &#*/!)4,.!$(6*.) ))(&8<!&.*(&() *
! (#,))'
,2#!')&')*)'-!$!**)$!,!*!*.)CS is always paired with the US*. !!*! $,,! $$
"!')(!*.)
.) )/)'$ )#*'$%#$!"'),)()(6*.)smulus that is most consistently associated with the US
is the one most likely to become a strong CS
o,')(*.# ()' ($!&.* ! &4.!,.$4,,#'4!*.,$#(6-#**.)')')%)4.)')*.)')
') $,$#(
)" () *, (!% ! &4!$$()/)$"')2#!,5$ (*' &$4.) *.)''-*.are intense
rather than weak
o),),')(2#!,5)'!*.)*.# ()'!! *) )'*.)'*. 4)5
Higher-Order Condioning
Higher-order condioning – )#*'$%#$#-),), (!% )(%#$#--)! &"!')(4!*.
 *.)', (!% )(%#$#
o! &*.)-)$$*)$!,!*$/% ='*'()', (!% 6"!'! &*.)$!&.*4!*.*.)-)$$), (
'()', (!%
o>! &-/)*.)), ('()', (!% !(!?,#$**(
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