PSYB45H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Pharyngeal Reflex, Startle Response, Corneal Reflex

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PSYB45 Chapter 15 Respondent and Operant Conditioning Together
Responding to Meet Deadlines
- Janice is a university student of Manitoba, she received an assignment that’s due by midterm.
- Just like people her age, Janice liked to party
- But she didn’t start until the last 5 days before the deadline
o On the fifth day even though she didn’t start her paper yet, she went out with her
friends to the bar
- As the deadline approaches, she started to get more and more nervous
- After working 3 long nights she was able to finish in time thus feeling very relieved
Respondent and Operant Conditioning Compared
o Respondent behaviours are elicited by prior stimuli and are not affected by their
consequences
E.g. Nervous when going exam
o Operant behaviour or the other hand, is behaviour that affects the environment to
produce consequences, and which is, in turn influences by those consequences
E.g. turning on your cell phone or asking someone to pass you the salt
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Operant-Respondent Interactions
- In Janice’s case; she probably had a history of being punished for failing to meet deadline
o Punishment elicits feelings of anxiety, a respondent reaction
o As a consequence of prior pairings with punishment, stimuli associated with missing a
deadline were likely CSs eliciting anxiety as a CR in Janice
The closer to the deadline, the stronger would be the CSs associated with
missing the deadline, and hence the stronger would be the CR of anxiety
- The relevant responses (looking up references, reading background material, taking notes,
making an outline, and finally writing the paper) are operant responses
o As these responses occurred and Janice began to see that she would meet the deadline,
the anxiety decreased
- Stimuli associated with the deadline likely caused Janice to feel anxious, a respondent response,
and responding to meet the deadline, operant responses, were maintained by the negative
reinforcement of the decrease in Janice’s anxiety
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- Child is less likely to approach large dogs in the future
o The sight of large dogs would be conditioned punisher (pairing with knocked down)
- A result of this operant and respondent conditioning interaction is that it will likely cause the
child to escape or avoid large dogs in the future
o If the child sees a large dog (Cs) this will elicit anxiety (Cr), thus by running away the
child is using negative reinforcement or escape conditioning in that the child will escape
both the sight of dog close by and the feeling of anxiety
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Document Summary

Psyb45 chapter 15 respondent and operant conditioning together. Ja(cid:374)i(cid:272)e is a u(cid:374)i(cid:448)e(cid:396)sit(cid:455) stude(cid:374)t of ma(cid:374)ito(cid:271)a, she (cid:396)e(cid:272)ei(cid:448)ed a(cid:374) assig(cid:374)(cid:373)e(cid:374)t that"s due (cid:271)(cid:455) (cid:373)idte(cid:396)(cid:373). Just like people her age, janice liked to party. But she did(cid:374)"t sta(cid:396)t u(cid:374)til the last 5 da(cid:455)s (cid:271)efo(cid:396)e the deadli(cid:374)e: o(cid:374) the fifth da(cid:455) e(cid:448)e(cid:374) though she did(cid:374)"t sta(cid:396)t he(cid:396) paper yet, she went out with her friends to the bar. As the deadline approaches, she started to get more and more nervous. After working 3 long nights she was able to finish in time thus feeling very relieved. Respondent and operant conditioning compared: respondent behaviours are elicited by prior stimuli and are not affected by their consequences. Nervous when going exam: operant behaviour or the other hand, is behaviour that affects the environment to produce consequences, and which is, in turn influences by those consequences. E. g. turning on your cell phone or asking someone to pass you the salt.

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