Textbook Notes (380,752)
CA (168,206)
UTSC (19,296)
Psychology (10,044)
PSYB45H3 (1,085)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Notes

4 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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Chapter 1 Behavior Modification
Human behavior
What people do and say – described in action words (anger- label of behavior, screaming
– behavior)
You can measure the frequency of a behavior (# of times). Can measure the duration of
behavior (how long). Can measure the intensity (psychical force involved) –physical
dimensions of behavior
Behaviours can be observed, described, and recorded by others or by the person engaging
in the behaviour ( because behaviour is an action its occurrence can be observed)
Have an impact on the environment (physical or social)
Its lawful – its occurrence is systematically influenced by environmental events (the
functional relationship between our behaviour and environmental events)
Once you understand the environmental events that cause behaviors to occur you can
change the events in the environment to alter behaviour
Can be overt or covert (often behaviour modifications change overt behaviours)
-Overt behaviour: an action that can be observed and recorded by a person other
then the one engaging in the behaviour)
-Covert behaviour: Private events. Not observable by others Ex: Thinking
Behavior Modification: field of psychology concerned with analyzing (identifying the functional
relationship btw environmental events and a behavior to understand the reason and why it
occurred) and modifying human behaviour (developing and implementing procedures to help
people change their behaviour)
Characteristics of behaviour modification
-Focus on behaviour (designed to change behaviour not a personal characteristic or trait).
Behavior Excess: an undesirable target behaviour the person wants to
decrease in frequency, duration, or intensity Ex Smoking
Behavioral deficit: Desirable target behaviour the person wants to
increase in frequency, duration, or intensity. Ex: studying +Exercise
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Description
Chapter 1 Behavior Modification Human behavior What people do and say described in action words (anger- label of behavior, screaming behavior) You can measure the frequency of a behavior (# of times). Can measure the duration of behavior (how long). Can measure the intensity (psychical force involved) physical dimensions of behavior Behaviours can be observed, described, and recorded by others or by the person engaging in the behaviour ( because behaviour is an action its occurrence can be observed) Have an impact on the environment (physical or social) Its lawful its occurrence is systematically influenced by environmental events (the functional relationship between our behaviour and environmental events) Once you understand the environmental events that cause behaviors to occur you can change the events in the environment to alter behaviour Can be overt or covert (often behaviour modifications change overt behaviours) - Overt behaviour: an action that can be observed and recorded by a person other then the one engaging in the behaviour) - Covert behaviour: Private events. Not observable by others Ex: Thinking Behavior Modification: field of psychology concerned with analyzing (identifying the functional relationship btw environmental events and a behavior to understand the reason and why it occurred) and modifying human behaviour (developing and implementing procedures to help people change their behaviour) Characteristics of behaviour modification - Focus on behaviour (designed to change behaviour not a personal characteristic or trait). Behavior Excess: an undesirable target behaviour the person wants to decrease in frequency, duration, or intensity Ex Smoking Behavioral deficit: Desirable target behaviour the person wants to increase in frequency, duration, or intensity. Ex: studying +Exercise www.notesolution.com
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