Textbook Notes (381,335)
CA (168,503)
UTSC (19,326)
Psychology (10,054)
PSYB45H3 (1,085)
Chapter 15

Chapter 15 Notes

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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Chapter 15
DNRA is used to decrease problem behaviors that are maintained by negative
reinforcement and to increase appropriate behaviours
Variations of DRA
Differential Reinforcement of an Incompatible behavior (DRI): the alternative
behavior is physically incompatible with the problem behavior and therefore the 2
behaviours cannot occur at the same time.
-Example: PB: Head slapping AB: anything with the use of the hand would be an
incompatible behavior. Playing with toys involve the manipulation of materials with
their hands would an incompatible behavior that could be reinforced to replace the
head slapping in a DRI procedure
Differential reinforcement of communication (DRC) Functional communication
training
-the individual with the problem behavior learns to make a communication response
that is functionally equivalent to the problem behavior
-When the communication produces the same reinforcing outcome as the problem
behavior there is no longer any reason for the problem behaviour to occur
-Communication is more efficient than the problem behavior – MAIN ADVANTAGE
Research on DRA
-Decreasing sibling conflict with physical aggression, verbal attacks, screaming, and crying
(parents pay attention to cooperative behavior and ignore conflicts btw children) –DRA
decreased conflict behavior in the siblings and increased appropriate behavior
- Creativity with building blocks - Creativity a trait could be increased with DRA
-Used with mental retardation, mental illness, welfare recipients, underachieving students,
hypertensive adults
Differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO) = Differential reinforcement of zero
rate of the behavior
Thumb sucking example
oThe reinforcer is contingent on the absence of the problem behavior
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Description
Chapter 15 DNRA is used to decrease problem behaviors that are maintained by negative reinforcement and to increase appropriate behaviours Variations of DRA Differential Reinforcement of an Incompatible behavior (DRI): the alternative behavior is physically incompatible with the problem behavior and therefore the 2 behaviours cannot occur at the same time. - Example: PB: Head slapping AB: anything with the use of the hand would be an incompatible behavior. Playing with toys involve the manipulation of materials with their hands would an incompatible behavior that could be reinforced to replace the head slapping in a DRI procedure Differential reinforcement of communication (DRC) Functional communication training - the individual with the problem behavior learns to make a communication response that is functionally equivalent to the problem behavior
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