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Chapter 20

PSYB45H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 20: Abusive Power And Control


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell
Chapter
20

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Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures
Chapter 20 Self-Management
When a person uses behavior modification procedures to change his or her
own behavior, the process is called self-management
According to Skinner, self-management involves a controlling behavior and a
controlled behavior the person engages in the controlling behavior to
influence the future occurrence of the controlled behavior
The controlling behavior involves implementing self-management strategies
in which the antecedents and consequences of the target behavior or
alternative behaviors are modified; these strategies make the controlled
behavior (target behavior) more likely
Goal-setting involves writing down the criterion level of the target behavior
and the time frame for the occurrence of the behavior
Can use antecedent manipulations described in chapter 16
o All self-management procedures involve antecedent manipulations
because the person engages in some controlling behaviors in advance
of the target behavior to be controlled
A behavioral contract is a written document in which you identify the
target and arrange consequences contingent on a specified level of the target
behavior in a specific time period. Although another person (the contract
manager) applies the consequences, a behavioral contract is considered to be
a type of self-management strategy because the behavior of entering into the
contract is a controlling behavior designed to influence the future occurrence
of the target behavior
o Here, you identify and define the target behavior to be changed,
establish a method of data collection, define the criterion level of the
target behavior to be achieved in the time frame of the contract, and
arrange the contingencies and the person to implement the
contingencies to influence the target behavior
Short-circuiting the contingency occurs when a person arranges a
reinforcer for a target behavior but then takes the reinforcer without first
engaging in the target behavior (and vice versa for punishment) this is
why it’s good to have a contract manager to implement the contingencies
Social support occurs when significant others in a person’s life provide a
natural context or cues for the occurrence of the target behavior or when
they naturally provide reinforcing consequences for its occurrence
With self instructions you are telling yourself what to do or how to do it in
situations that call for a specific target behavior; immediately after the
appropriate behavior occurs, you can receipt self-praise statements in which
you provide positive evaluations of your own behavior
Steps in a self-management plan: make the decision to engage in self-
management define the target behavior and competing behaviors set
goal self-monitor conduct a functional assessment choose
appropriate self-management strategies evaluate change reevaluate
self-management strategies if necessary implement maintenance
strategies
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