Textbook Notes (381,132)
CA (168,365)
UTSC (19,305)
Psychology (10,047)
PSYB45H3 (1,085)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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Chapter 2: Observing and Recording Behaviour
One fundamental aspect of behaviour modification is measuring he behaviour that is targeted for
change
Behavioural assessment: measurement of target behaviour
Behavioural assessment is important:
Measuring behaviour before treatment provides information that can help determine whether
treatment is necessary
Behavioural assessment can provide information that helps choose best treatment
Measuring target behaviour before and after treatment allows to determine whether behaviour
changes after treatment was implemented
Two types of behavioural assessment:
Indirect: involves using interviews, questionnaires, rating scales to obtain information on target
behaviour from person exhibiting behaviour or from others
Direct: person observes and records target behaviour as it occurs. To observe target behaviour,
observer must be in close proximity to person exhibiting behaviour so that target behaviour can be
seen or heard
oMore accurate than indirect
oObserve trained specifically to observe target behaviour and record its occurrence
immediately
oIndirect: info on target behaviour depends on peoples memories
Direct assessment methods:
1.Defining target behaviour
Must identify exactly what person says or does that constitutes the behavioural excess or deficit
targeted for change
Definition is objective and unambiguous
Does not make inferences about persons intentions-cannot be observed
A label is not used to define behaviour because labels do not identify persons actions
Characteristic of good behavioural definition is that after seeing definition, different people can
observe the same behaviour and agree that behaviour is occurring
When two people independently observe same behaviour and both record that behaviour
occurred, called interobserver reliability
2.Determining logistics of recording
Observer
oWho will observe and record behaviour
oMust be trained to identify the occurrence of target behaviour and to record behaviour
immediately
oMust have time to observe and record the behaviour and must be willing to function as an
observer
oSelf-monitoring: clients observes and records own target behaviour
oSelf-monitoring may be combined with direct observation
When and when to record
oObservation period: observer records target behaviour in specific period
oImportant to choose observation period at time when target behaviour likely to occur
oCan take place in natural setting or contrived settings
oNatural: places of which target behaviour typically occurs
oContrived: not the usual setting
oObservation can be structured or unstructured
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Description
Chapter 2: Observing and Recording Behaviour One fundamental aspect of behaviour modification is measuring he behaviour that is targeted for change Behavioural assessment: measurement of target behaviour Behavioural assessment is important: Measuring behaviour before treatment provides information that can help determine whether treatment is necessary Behavioural assessment can provide information that helps choose best treatment Measuring target behaviour before and after treatment allows to determine whether behaviour changes after treatment was implemented Two types of behavioural assessment: Indirect: involves using interviews, questionnaires, rating scales to obtain information on target behaviour from person exhibiting behaviour or from others Direct: person observes and records target behaviour as it occurs. To observe target behaviour, observer must be in close proximity to person exhibiting behaviour so that target behaviour can be seen or heard o More accurate than indirect o Observe trained specifically to observe target behaviour and record its occurrence immediately o Indirect: info on target behaviour depends on peoples memories Direct assessment methods: 1. Defining target behaviour Must identify exactly what person says or does that constitutes the behavioural excess or deficit targeted for change Definition is objective and unambiguous
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