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Chapter 10

Chapter 10

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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Chapter 10: Prompting and Transfer of Stimulus Control
Baseball example- all prompts
Verbal, gestural, modeling and physical prompts
What is Prompting?
Used to increase likelihood that person will engage in correct behaviour at correct time
Used during discrimination training to help person engage in correct behaviour in presence of
discriminative stimulus (SD)
Prompts are stimuli given before or during performance of a behaviour: they help behaviour occur
so that teacher can provide reinforcement
Produce an instance of correct behaviour so that it can be reinforced
What is fading?
One way to transfer stimulus control form prompts to SD
Gradually removed prompts until behaviour was occurring in presence of SD without any
supplemental stimuli
Teaching not complete until prompts are completely faded and behaviour is under stimulus control
of natural SD
Prompting gets correct behaviour to occur, fading transfers stimulus control to natural SD
Types of Prompts
2 major categories are response prompts and stimulus prompts
Response prompts: behaviour of another person that evokes desired response in presence of SD.
They are intrusive- one has control over another
oVerbal prompt
When verbal behaviour of another person results in correct response in presence of
SD
May include instructions, rules, hints, reminders, questions or any other verbal
assistance
oGestural prompts
Any physical movement or gesture of another person that leads to correct behaviour
in presence of SD
But if person demonstrates or models entire behaviour- modeling prompt
oModeling prompt
Person observes model and imitates modeled behaviour in presence of SD
Because imitation is type of behaviour that most learn early in life, most people
benefit from observing models
oPhysical prompts
Another person physically helps person engage in correct behaviour at right time
Often involves hand over hand guidance in which trainer guides persons hands
through behaviour
Stimulus prompts
oInvolves some change in stimulus or addition or removal of stimulus to make correct
response more likely
oMight involve change in SD or S that makes SD more salient (more noticeable or
conspicuous) and S less salient so that person more likely to respond to SD
oWithin-stimulus prompt- changing SD
Can change position of SD or can change some dimension of SD or S (size, shape,
colour, intensity)
oExtrastimulus prompt- adding another stimulus or cue to SD
Transfer of Stimulus Control
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Description
Chapter 10: Prompting and Transfer of Stimulus Control Baseball example- all prompts Verbal, gestural, modeling and physical prompts What is Prompting? Used to increase likelihood that person will engage in correct behaviour at correct time Used during discrimination training to help person engage in correct behaviour in presence of discriminative stimulus (SD) Prompts are stimuli given before or during performance of a behaviour: they help behaviour occur so that teacher can provide reinforcement Produce an instance of correct behaviour so that it can be reinforced What is fading? One way to transfer stimulus control form prompts to SD Gradually removed prompts until behaviour was occurring in presence of SD without any supplemental stimuli Teaching not complete until prompts are completely faded and behaviour is under stimulus control of natural SD Prompting gets correct behaviour to occur, fading transfers stimulus control to natural SD Types of Prompts 2 major categories are response prompts and stimulus prompts Response prompts: behaviour of another person that evokes desired response in presence of SD. They are intrusive- one has control over another o Verbal prompt When verbal behaviour of another person results in correct response in presence of SD May include instructions, rules, hints, reminders, questions or any other v
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