FUNCTIONS OF PROBLEM BEHAVIOURS
Social Positive Reinforcement:
- involves positive reinforcement mediated by another person.
- Positively reinforcing consequence is delivered by another person
after the target behaviour
- Ie. Attention, access to activities, tangibles provided by another
- IE. Anna received attention from her parent as a reinforcer for her
problem behaviour, Jacob received his toys back from the other
kids (tangibles) as a reinforcer for his problem behaviour.
Social Negative Reinforcement:
- target behaviours maintained by neg. reinforcement that is
mediated by another person.
- Another person terminates an aversive interaction, task, or activity
after the occurrence of a target behaviour, its maintained by a
social negative reinforcement.
- IE. Child gets out of doing chores by complaining.
- IE. Asking a friend not to smoke in your car " negatively reinforced
by escape or avoidance of the smell of the smoke when the person
puts it out or doesn’t light it in the first place.
Automatic Positive Reinforcement:
- occurs as an automatic consequence of the behaviour itself.
- When behaviour produces reinforcing consequence automatically
- IE. Sensory stimulation; children with autism, behaviours reinforce
- IE. Going to the kitchen to get a drink is automatically positively
reinforced by getting the drink, whereas asking someone else to get
you a drink is socially reinforced by getting the drink from the other
Automatic Negative Reinforcement
- when the target behaviour automatically reduces or eliminates an
aversive stimulus as a consequence of the behaviour
- Escape from the aversive stimulus is NOT mediated by the actions of
- IE. Closing the window to block a cold draft from coming in " auto.
- Asking someone to close the window " social negative