PSYB45H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 18: Social Skills, Reinforcement

35 views2 pages
29 Jul 2016
School
Department
Course
Professor
Chapter 18 – Antecedent Control: Modeling, Physical Guidance and Situational Inducement
Modeling - A procedure whereby a sample of a given behavior is presented to an individual to induce
that individual to engage in a similar behavior
- Commonly-used, often quite powerful procedure that occurs in every day life
- Our own individual learning history and experiences influence which models and which modeled
behaviours we will tend to imitate
- Generalized imitation: An individual, after learning to imitate a number of behaviours, learns to
imitate a new response on the first trial without reinforcement
oLearning to imitate
- FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MODELING
oAn individual’s history of being reinforced (or punished) for imitating others
oCharacteristics of the person to be modeled
More likely to imitate someone like you
Perceived competence of the model in obtaining desired consequences; status
and prestige
oHow many people are modeling the behaviour
oCombining modeling with rules promotes effectiveness
- SELECTED GUIDELINES FOR USING MODELING
oIf possible, select models who are friends or peers, and are seen as competent; if
possible, select more than one model
oThe modeled behaviour should be at the appropriate level of complexity
oUse natural reinforcers when possible
oFor complex behaviour, sequence the modeling from easy to more difficult
oModeling scenes should be as realistic as possible (promote stimulus generalization)
oUse fading as necessary
- CLINICAL APPLICATION - Role-playing or behavioural rehearsal
oe.g., Social skills training, assertiveness training
PHYSICAL GUIDANCE - The application of physical contact to induce an individual to go through the
motions of the desired behaviour
- Recall: Physical prompts
- Used in combination with other procedures
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class