PSYB45H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 27: Cognitive Therapy, Thought Suppression, Major Depressive Disorder

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13 Aug 2016
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Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) - Cognitive behaviour therapy: Uses cognitive and behavioural
strategies to help modify problematic thinking and maladaptive behaviours that are contributing to
psychological distress
- Often draws on behaviour modification principles and methods, along with techniques focused
on unhelpful or irrational thoughts
- Cognitions: Refer to thoughts, beliefs, expectancies, attitudes, perceptions
- CBT approaches have been (and continue to be) the focus of much empirical research in recent
decades
- Overall: Strong support for therapeutic effects across a number of common psychiatric
conditions, including:
oMood disorders (e.g., Major depression)
oAnxiety disorders
oEating disorders
- Basic CBT model - We can change our emotional and physiological reactions by modifying how
we think or how we perceive a situation, as well as by modifying how we behave in response to
a situation
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COGNITIVE RESTRUCTURING - A core CBT method
- Built on central theoretical assumptions:
oHow we interpret and react to events is based on our cognitions (beliefs, judgments,
expectations, etc) about the events
oMaladaptive cognitions can cause emotional and behavioural symptoms and disorders
- Focus is on promoting more balanced thinking - Realistic thinking, not just “positive thinking”
- Irrational thoughts can play a powerful role in how we feel about a given situation
Rational-Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT)
- Developed by Albert Ellis, to help individuals change their irrational thoughts
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