PSYB45H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 23: Functional Analysis, Reinforcement, Stimulus Control

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13 Aug 2016
Chapter 23 – Developing Behavioural programs and ethics
Developing behavioural programs
- Building upon and integrating the principles and procedures already learned, to develop
behavioural programs
Functional assessment - Examination of the relationship between (problem) behaviour and its
antecedents and consequences
- What are the causes of the behaviour? What function is the behaviour serving? Various
approaches can be taken
- Two key questions: What are the antecedents of the behaviour? What are the immediate
consequences (i.e., positive or negative reinforcement) of the behaviour?
Functional assessment procedures
- Functional analysis (experimental functional assessment) - Systematic manipulation of
environmental events to experimentally test their role in maintaining problem behaviour
oSimilarities with research experiments
oImportant implication of functional analysis: Treatment should be based on the function
of a behaviour, not its form
oLimitations: Low-frequency behaviours, Dangerous/harmful behaviours, Resource
intensive (cost, time)
- Questionnaire assessment - Completed by people familiar with the client, Limitations of indirect
- Observational assessment - Form hypotheses about antecedents and consequences based on
direct observation
Major causes of problem behaviour
- Two general categories: Operant (6 sub-types) & Respondent (elicited)
- Also medical causes
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