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PSYB45H3 (1,085)
Chapter 13

Chapter 13

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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PSYB45 - Chapter Thirteen
Functional Assessment: when using behaviour mod to help a person increase/decrease a
behaviour, the first step is to understand why the person engages in the behaviour. You
must conduct an assessment of the three-term contingency to determine the antecedent
events that evoke the behaviour and the reinforcing consequences that maintain it.
Identifying these variables before treating a behaviour is called functional assessment
Respondent behaviour is controlled by antecedent stimuli, and operant behaviour is
controlled by antecedents and consequences, that make up the three-term contingencies of
reinforcement and punishment.
Functional assessment is the process of gathering information about the antecedents and
consequences that are functionally related to the occurrence of a problem behaviour. It
provides info that helps you determine why a problem behaviour is occurring. It also
provides detailed info about antecedent stimuli, including the time and place of the
behaviour, people present when the behaviour occurs, any environmental events
immediately preceding the behaviour and the frequency. This info helps identify the
antecedents and reinforcing consequences that maintain the behaviour
It provides info about the existences of alternative behaviours that may be functionally
equivalent to the behaviour, motivational variables, stimuli that may function as reinforcers
for the person, and the history of previous treatments and their outcomes.
FOUR CLASSES OF REINFORCING CONSEQUENCES/FUNCTIONS OF PROBLEM
BEHAVIOURS
Social Positive Reinforcement: when a positively reinforcing consequence is delivered by
another person after the target behaviour
Social Negative Reinforcement: when another person terminates an aversive interaction,
task, or activity after the occurrence of a target behaviour (ex: complaining to get out of
doing chores)
Automatic Positive Reinforcement: when the behaviour produces a reinforcing consequence
automatically (getting a drink from the kitchen is apr by getting the drink)
Automatic Negative Reinforcement: when the target behaviour automatically reduces or
eliminates an aversive stimulus as a consequence of the behaviour (closing the window to
block a cold draft; binge eating to get rid of negative emotions)
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Description
PSYB45 - Chapter Thirteen Functional Assessment: when using behaviour mod to help a person increase/decrease a behaviour, the first step is to understand why the person engages in the behaviour. You must conduct an assessment of the three-term contingency to determine the antecedent events that evoke the behaviour and the reinforcing consequences that maintain it. Identifying these variables before treating a behaviour is called functional assessment Respondent behaviour is controlled by antecedent stimuli, and operant behaviour is controlled by antecedents and consequences, that make up the three-term contingencies of reinforcement and punishment. Functional assessment is the process of gathering information about the antecedents and consequences that are functionally related to the occurrence of a problem behaviour. It provides info that helps you determine why a problem behaviour is occurring. It also provides detailed info about antecedent stimuli, including the time and place of the behaviour, people present when the behaviour occurs, any environmental events immediately preceding the behaviour and the frequency. This info helps identify the antecedents and reinforcing consequences that maintain the behaviour It provides info about the existences of alternative behaviours that may be functionally equivalent to the behaviour, motivational variables, stimuli that may function as reinforcers for the person, and the history of previous treatments and their outcomes. FOUR CLASSES OF REINFORCING CONSEQUENCES/FUNCTIO
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