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PSYB45H3 (1,085)
Chapter 25

Chapter 25

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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PSYB45: Chapter Twenty Five Cognitive Behaviour Modification
Cognitive Behaviour Modification: used to help people change behaviours that are
labeled as cognitive
Cognitive behaviour: verbal or imaginal responses made by the person that are covert,
and thus not observable to others
A label for the cognitive behaviour is not a behavioural definition
Cognitive Restructuring
Designed to replace specific maladaptive cognitive behaviours with more adaptive ones;
used in the case of behavioural excesses, that is, when existing maladaptive cognitive
behaviours contribute to a problem
Cognitive Restructuring: Three basic steps:
1. Helping the client identify the distressing thoughts and the situations in which they
occur
2. Helping the client identify the emotional response, unpleasant mood, or problem
behaviour that follows the distressing thought
3. Helping the client stop thinking the distressing thoughts by helping the client think more
rational or desirable thoughts
Forms of cognitive restructuring: rational-emotive therapy, systematic rational
restructuring, and cognitive therapy
Cognitive distortions: distorted thinking
Cognitive Coping Skills Training
Designed to teach new cognitive behaviours that are then used to promote other desirable
behaviours; used for behavioural deficits, that is, when a person does not have the cognitive
behaviours needed to cope effectively with problem situations. The therapist teaches client
specific self-statements that they can make in a problem situation to improve their
performance or influence their behaviour in the situation
Types of procedures for cognitive coping skills training: self instructional training, stress
inoculation training, and problem solving therapy
Self instructional training steps:
1. Identify the problem situation and define the desirable behaviour most appropriate to the
situation
2. Identify the self-instructions that will be most helpful in the problem situation
3. Use behavioural skills training to teach the self-instructions
Acceptance Based Therapies
In one form of therapy called acceptance and commitment therapy, the client learns that
he/she hasnt been able to control troublesome thoughts and feelings in the past, and that
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Description
PSYB45: Chapter Twenty Five Cognitive Behaviour Modification Cognitive Behaviour Modification: used to help people change behaviours that are labeled as cognitive Cognitive behaviour: verbal or imaginal responses made by the person that are covert, and thus not observable to others A label for the cognitive behaviour is not a behavioural definition Cognitive Restructuring Designed to replace specific maladaptive cognitive behaviours with more adaptive ones; used in the case of behavioural excesses, that is, when existing maladaptive cognitive behaviours contribute to a problem Cognitive Restructuring: Three basic steps: 1. Helping the client identify the distressing thoughts and the situations in which they occur 2. Helping the client identify the emotional response, unpleasant mood, or problem behaviour that follows the distressing thought 3. Helping the client stop thinking the distressing thoughts by helping the client think more rational or desirable thoughts Forms of cognitive restructuring: rational-emotive therapy, systematic rational restructuring, and cognitive therapy Cognitive distortions: distorted thinki
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