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Chapter 12

Chapter 12 Notes

7 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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Chapter 12: Behavioral Skills Training Procedures
Four behavioural skills training (BST) procedures - modeling, instructions, rehearsal, and
feedback - generally are used together in training sessions to help a person acquire useful skills
(such as social skills or job-related skills).
BST procedures are typically used to teach skills that can be simulated in a role-play context.
Example of Behavioral Skills Training Procedures
Marcia is a secretary at a university and she believes that faculty members in her department make
unreasonable demands on her but she is not able to refuse these unreasonable requests.
She is seeing a psychologist, who is using BST procedures to help her develop assertiveness skills.
In the psychologists office, they role-play the difficult situations Marcia faces at work.
Dr. Mills uses the role-plays to assess Marias assertiveness skills and to teach her how to act more
assertively.
First, Dr. Mills creates a situation at work in which Marcia role-plays herself and he role-plays a
coworker.
He then assess what she says and how she says it.
Next, Dr. Mill provides instructions and modeling; that is, he describes how to respond more assertively
in this situation and demonstrates the assertive behaviour for Marcia in another role-play. (Dr. Mill plays
Marcia responding assertively and Marcia plays the coworker making the unreasonable demand).
Marcia then gets an opportunity to practice (rehearse) the assertive behaviour . (they switch roles again)
Then Dr. Mills gives her feedback on her performance and praises her for the aspects of the behaviour
that she performed well and he gives her suggestions on how to improve.
Marcia will learn a variety of assertiveness skills through this process of instructions, modeling, rehearsal,
and feedback.
Components of The Behavioral Skills Training Procedure
1. Modeling
With modeling, the correct behaviour is demonstrated for the learner.
The learner observes the models behaviour and then imitates the model.
The learner must have an imitative repertoire; that is, the learner has to be able to pay
attention to the model and perform the behaviour that the model just demonstrated.
www.notesolution.com
Reinforcement for imitation typically starts early in a child’s life.
As a result, a models behaviour becomes an SD for imitation, and imitation becomes a
generalized response class, which means that imitation is likely to occur in the future
when a behaviour is modeled for the learner.
Modeling may be live or it may be symbolic.
In live modeling, another person demonstrates the appropriate behaviour in the
appropriate situation.
With symbolic modeling, the correct behaviour is demonstrated on videotape, audiotape,
or possibly in a cartoon or a movie.
Researchers found that the children who received the modeling, instructions, rehearsal,
and feedback learned the abduction prevention skills better than the children who got
instructions and modeling from the video tape without the chance for rehearsal and
feedback.
Factors That Influence The Effectiveness Of Modeling
When the model exhibits the correct behaviour, it should result in a successful outcome
(a reinforcer) for the model.
The model should resemble the people observing the model or should have high status.
For example, teachers (high status) model correct behaviour for the children.
The complexity of the models behaviour should be appropriate to the developmental or
ability level of the learner.
The learner has to pay attention to the model to learn the behaviour being modeled.
The modeled behaviour must occur in the proper content (in response to the relevant SD).
For example, the children saw the abduction skills modeled in response to abduction lures
from an adult, that is, in the situation in which they would be needed.
The modeled behaviour should be repeated as often as necessary for the learner to imitate
it correctly.
The behaviour should be modeled in a variety of ways and in a variety of situations to
enhance generalization.
The learner should have an opportunity to rehearse (imitate) the behaviour as soon as
possible after observing the model. Correct imitation of the modeled behaviour should be
reinforced immediately.
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Chapter 12: Behavioral Skills Training Procedures Four behavioural skills training (BST) procedures - modeling, instructions, rehearsal, and feedback - generally are used together in training sessions to help a person acquire useful skills (such as social skills or job-related skills). BST procedures are typically used to teach skills that can be simulated in a role-play context. Example of Behavioral Skills Training Procedures Marcia is a secretary at a university and she believes that faculty members in her department make unreasonable demands on her but she is not able to refuse these unreasonable requests. She is seeing a psychologist, who is using BST procedures to help her develop assertiveness skills. In the psychologists office, they role-play the difficult situations Marcia faces at work. Dr. Mills uses the role-plays to assess Marias assertiveness skills and to teach her how to act more assertively. First, Dr. Mills creates a situation at work in which Marcia role-plays herself and he role-plays a coworker. He then assess what she says and how she says it. Next, Dr. Mill provides instructions and modeling; that is, he describes how to respond more assertively in this situation and demonstrates the assertive behaviour for Marcia in another role-play. (Dr. Mill plays Marcia responding assertively and Marcia plays the coworker making the unreasonable demand). Marcia then gets an opportunity to practice (rehearse) the assertive behaviour . (they switch roles again) Then Dr. Mills gives her feedback on her performance and praises her for the aspects of the behaviour that she performed well and he gives her suggestions on how to improve. Marcia will learn a variety of assertiveness skills through this process of instructions, modeling, rehearsal, and feedback. Components of The Behavioral Skills Training Procedure 1. Modeling With modeling, the correct behaviour is demonstrated for the learner. The learner observes the models behaviour and then imitates the model. The learner must have an imitative repertoire; that is, the learner has to be able to pay attention to the model and perform the behaviour that the model just demonstrated. www.notesolution.com
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