Textbook Notes (380,718)
CA (168,183)
UTSC (19,294)
Psychology (10,042)
PSYB45H3 (1,085)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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PSYB45H3 YChapter 1 pg.2
Defining human behaviour
Human behaviour the subject matter of behaviour modification
Behaviour what people do and say; described by verbs
Characteristics of behaviour
Behaviour is what people do/say
has one or more dimensions (frequency, intensity, duration)
can be observed, described, recorded
has an impact on environment (physical or social)
lawful
overt/ covert
Behaviour modification the field of psychology concerned w/ analyzing and
modifying behaviour
analyzing identifying the functional relationship between environmental
events and a particular behaviour to understand the reasons for behaviour/to
determine why a person behaved as they did
modifying developing and implementing procedures to help people change
their behaviour
Characteristics of behaviour modification:
focuses on behaviour
based on behavioural principles
emphasis on current environmental events
precise description of procedures
implemented by people in everyday life
measurement of behaviour change
rejection of hypothetical underlying causes of behaviour
Historical roots of behaviour modification
Pavlovconducted experiments that uncovered basic processes of
respondent conditioning (e.g. dog + saliva)
Thorndike law of effect (a behaviour that produced a favorable effect on
the environment is more likely to be repeated in the future) (e.g.
cat + cage)
Watson asserted that observerable behaviour was the proper subject
matter of psychology; all behaviour was controlled by
environmental stimulus (i.e stimulus-response psychology).
Started behaviourism.
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Description
PSYB45H3 Y Chapter 1 pg.2 Defining human behaviour Human behaviour the subject matter of behaviour modification Behaviour what people do and say; described by verbs Characteristics of behaviour Behaviour is what people dosay has one or more dimensions (frequency, intensity, duration) can be observed, described, recorded has an impact on environment (physical or social) lawful overt covert Behaviour modification the field of psychology concerned w analyzing and modifying behaviour analyzing identifying the functional relationship between environmental events and a particular behaviour to understand the reasons for behaviourto determine why a person behaved as they did modifying developing and implementing procedures to help people change their behaviour Characteristics of behaviour modification: focuses o
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