Chapter 8 – Emotion and Cognition
•Early psychology was built on the principles of philosophy where emotion and cognition
were viewed as two distinct concepts. Plato believed that human being’s have three souls
i.e. the intellect, the will and the emotions
•Today’s concept of cognitive revolution that builds on the technological advances e.g.
computer fails to grasp the concept of emotion
•An issue is whether or not emotion can be experienced without cognitive appraisal i.e.
the interpretation of the reason for feeling
•Two schools of thoughts exist:
i.Zajonc argues that affective judgements (emotional judgements) occur before
and independently of cognition
ii.Lazarus argues that emotion cannot be experienced without cognitive appraisal
e.g. physiological arousal occurs when you are happy/scared but cognitive
interpretation is required to perceive the true emotion behind the arousal
•Amygdala is a small structure in the medial temporal lobe anterior to hippocampus that is
responsible for emotion. This structure influences and gets influenced by cognition.
Therefore, emotion and cognition are interdependent
•Emotion refers to the mental and physical processes that include aspects of subjective
experience, evaluation and appraisal (judgement), motivation and other bodily processes e.g.
•Emotion in terms of cognitive psychology is defined a brief episode of synchronized
responses (including bodily responses, facial expressions and subjective evaluation) that
indicate the evaluation of internal or external events as significant. Emotions are the range of
reactions to events that are limited in time
•Mood refers to a diffuse affective state that is most pronounced as a change in subjective
feeling. Moods are generally low intensity affective states, have a relatively long duration and
could exist without any cause.
•Attitudes are persistent, affective beliefs, preferences or predisposition towards persons or