Chapter 8 emotion and cognition: early psychology was built on the principles of philosophy where emotion and cognition were viewed as two distinct concepts. Zajonc argues that affective judgements (emotional judgements) occur before and independently of cognition. This structure influences and gets influenced by cognition. Emotions are the range of reactions to events that are limited in time: mood refers to a diffuse affective state that is most pronounced as a change in subjective feeling. Moods are generally low intensity affective states, have a relatively long duration and could exist without any cause: attitudes are persistent, affective beliefs, preferences or predisposition towards persons or objects. 1 www. notesolution. com: motivation refers to the tendency to act according to some affective response, a primary function of emotion is to motivate action. Dimensional approaches: human emotions do not exist as distinct categories but rather lie on a continuum.