2.Syntax level specifies the relationships between the types of words in a sentence (e.g.
between noun and verb)
Syntax represents the structure of a sentence and it is believed to be a part of
our mental representation of sentences as well. It builds on the doer, action
and the object
Representing the syntax of a sentence uses a phrase structure tree which is a
diagram of a sentence that illustrates its linear hierarchical structure. It breaks
down the components of a sentence.
It is believed that we build a mental representation of the tree’s hierarchical
representation of the word relationships and likewise comprehend the meaning
of the sentence.
At the level of syntax comprehenders make a decision about the word order. A
sentence can have the same content but different syntax based on the word
Patients with damage to the left hemisphere may have aphasia which refers
to language or speech disruption. Aphasia can manifest itself in various ways
and one manifestation that involves disruption of syntactic level of
representation is called non-fluent aphasia or Broca’s aphasia. (Broca’s ara
is the left frontal area)
Patients of Broca’s aphasia have difficulty relating the discourse and the
syntactical level of representation. The difficulty is not related to the meanings
of the words – these patients do understand the meanings of the words but fail
to understand the relationship among the words in the sentence (they may
shuffle around the words of a sentence while comprehending/producing).
Since these patients have long term memory of objects, usually they can relate
the doer, action and object using their logic from memory.
3.Word and morpheme level; at this level the meanings of the words are encoded:
Morphemes are the building blocks of words i.e. the smallest unit of meaning
in a language. Words can be composed of single or multiple morphemes e.g.
burned/noodles is composed of two morphemes i.e. burn and –ed or noodle
Bound morphemes are the plural and past tense forms that attach onto other
morphemes – they are usually prefixes or suffixes