Textbook Notes (290,000)
CA (170,000)
UTSC (20,000)
Psychology (10,000)
PSYB65H3 (400)
Ted Petit (100)
Chapter 1

PSYB65H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Neuropsychology, Lesion, Neurology


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB65H3
Professor
Ted Petit
Chapter
1

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Chapter 1
[INTRODUCTION TO NEUROPSYCHOLOGY]
Main Teaching Points:
Module 1.1: Introduction to Neuropsychology
1. The 10% Myth
2. What is Neuropsychology
3. Heart, Mind, and Brain: The Early History of Neuropsychology
4. The Mind-Body Problem
Module 1.2: The Recent History of Neuropsychology
1. Cataloguing the Effects of Lesions
2. Focus on the Neuron
3. The Brain Mappers
4. Functional Neurosurgery
5. The Paradigm Shift in Neuropsychology
Module 1.1 Introduction to Neuropsychology
The 10% Myth
x Myth: Humans use only 10% of their brain
¾ Overinterpretation
¾ Marie-Jean-Pierre Flourens & Karl Lashley t animals were able to perform basic function after
almost 90% of their brains were damaged
What is Neuropsychology?
x Neuropsychology t the study of the relation between behaviour and the activity of the brain
¾ µuZv]v]À]µo[ZÀ]}µ]o]vZµo}(Z]À]Ç]vZ]v
Types of Neuropsychologists:
1. Clinical Neuropsychology t the branch of neuropsychology concerned with psychological assessment,
management, and rehabilitation of neurological disease and injury
2. Experimental Neuropsychology t the branch of neuropsychology concerned with how human behaviour
arises from brain activity, which includes explaining how patterns of behavioural impairments can be
explained in terms of disruptions to the damaged neural components
¾ Aka. Cognitive Neuropsychology / Cognitive Neuroscience
Heart, Mind, and Brain: The Early History of Neuropsychology
A. Human thoughts and behaviours were not always attributed to the brain
1. Empedocles
o All matter was composed of four elements: fire, air, water, earth
o Cardiac / Cardiocentric Hypothesis: Heart was the source of human behaviour
2. Aristotle
o Heart is normally very active and warm t source of thought and sensation
o Brain served as a radiator, cooling the blood
B. Cephalocentric Hypothesis / Brain Hypothesis
o Hippocrates / Galen
o Brain is responsible for human behaviour
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