Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (160,000)
UTSC (20,000)
Psychology (10,000)
PSYB65H3 (400)
Ted Petit (100)
Chapter 1

PSYB65H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Franz Nissl, Thalamus, Karl Lashley


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB65H3
Professor
Ted Petit
Chapter
1

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Chapter 1: Introduction to Neuropsychology
Introduction to Neuropsychology
The 10% Myth
No evidence that there is any part of your brain that you do not use
oMythical claim that brain has unknown origins
What is Neuropsychology
Describe, explain, predict, and change behaviour
Study of the relation between behaviour and the activity of the brain
Clinical neuropsychology – concerned with psychological assessment, management, and rehabilitation of
neurological disease and injury
Experimental neuropsychology – how human behaviour arises from brain activity
oIncludes explaining how patterns of behavioural impairments can be explained in terms of
disruptions to the damaged neural components
oAlso referred to as cognitive neuropsychology or cognitive neuroscience
Heart, Mind, and Brain: The Early History of Neuropsychology
Provides important insights into the development of the science and gives us information about what is left to
discover
Illustrates instances in which researchers were wrong about the nature of brain-behaviour relationships
Empedocles
oCardiac or cardio-centric hypothesis
All matter was composed of four elements: fire, air, water, and earth
Heart was source of human behaviour
Aristotle
oHeart was source of thought and sensation
oBrain cooled the blood
Hippocrates & Galen
oCephalocentric hypothesis or the brain hypothesis
Brain is responsible for human behaviour
Finger
oObservations of fossilized skull fractures in early hominids
Recognition that damaging the brain would result in death
Survive when skull was cut open
Trephination
The Mind-Body Problem
Descartes
oVoluntary behaviours depended on the interface of the mechanistic body with a rational, decision-
making soul
Happened in the pineal gland
Has unitary nature
Along midline of the brain
Surrounded by cerebrospinal fluid
oAn animal behaviour is variable
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