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Chapter 2

Chapter 2 text book note

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Michael Inzlicht

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chapter 2 - origin and maintenance of stereotypes and prejudice
outgroup homogeneity - belief that members of outgroups are more similar to
each other than are members of ones ingroups
ingroup bias (favouritism) - tendency to favour and have positive affect for,
members of ones own group and to attribute more positive characteristics to
ones ingroups than to outgroups
minimal groups - group formed on the basis of some criteria and which are
otherwise devoid of the normal aspects of group life, such as face-to-face
interaction, group norms, interactions with other groups, and a group structure
implicit theories - individual beliefs about the nature of personality and the
behaviours, attitudes, and values associated with certain types of individuals
entity theorists - believe that ones personality traits are fixed and cannot be
changed; tend to believe traits are stable indicators of behaviour and that it is
incremental theorists - believe that ones personality traits are flexible and can be
modified; less likely to make inference, less predictable based on one sample
illusory correlations - overestimation of the association between two variables
that are either related weakly or not at all
terror-management theory - when we think about our mortality, it arouses a
need for stability, predictability, and order in the world
social-identity theory - states that the need for positive self-esteem motivates
individuals to perceive people in the environment in terms of ingroups and
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