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PSYC12H3 (307)
Chapter 6

Chapter 6 text book notes

8 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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chapter 6 - experiencing prejudice
stigma - possession of a characteristic or attribute that conveys a negative
social identity; deviant, flawed, limited, spoiled or generally undesirable
stigmatized person - reduced in our minds from a whole and usual person to a
tainted, discounted one
Erving Goffman - three types of stigmas
abominations of the body
blemishes of individual character
tribal stigmas of race, nation, and religion
Doosje and Ellemers - group identification - high identifiers more likely to
associate themselves with their group even when it has a negative image;
low identifiers more likely to dissociate, quite prepared to let the group
fall apart
Steele and Aronson - stereotype threat - situation in which negative
expectations about ability (due to stereotypes about the groups ability on
that dimension) lead the stigmatized person to experience anxiety at the
thought of performing poorly and confirming the stereotype; this anxiety
often has the unfortunate effects of inhibiting performance and
confirming the stereotype
www.notesolution.com
Walton and Cohen - stereotype lift - non-stigmatized persons seem to
experience a performance enhancement when they engage in a downward
comparison between themselves and a member of a stereotyped outgroup
stereotype vulnerability - tendency to expect, perceive, and be influenced by
stereotypes about ones social category
Cheryan and Bodenhausen - when participants’ ethnic identity was made
salient, their math performance was significantly worse than when their
personal identity or gender identity was made salient
Ambady - when Asian American women had their ethnic identity made
salient, they performed better on a math test than when either no identity or
their gender was made salient
Lin et al. - anti-Asian American prejudice has two components: envy of the
(perceived) excessive intellectual competence and disdain for their (perceived)
low sociability
Fiske - stereotype-content model (SCM) - many stereotypes and prejudices
can be located along two dimensions - competence and warmth
Steele - disidentification - process whereby members of stereotyped groups
disengage their identity from a stereotype-relevant domain, in order to
preserve their self-esteem
Tajfel and Turner - social identity theory - drive our identity and self-esteem
through two avenues: our own accomplishments; our group membership -
www.notesolution.com
when one belongs to a devalued or threatened group, continued
identification with the group threatens ones self-esteem
ways to reduce stereotype threat -
Aronsons jigsaw classroom
optimistic student-teacher relationships
challenge instead of remediation
stressing that intelligence is expandable
affirming domain belonging
valuing multiple perspectives
having visible successful role models
building self-efficacy
Steele et al. - program for reducing stereotype threat
students were honorifically recruited for the program with an emphasis on
their being bright enough to have been admitted to the University of
Michigan
students participated in weekly seminars to get to know each other and share
common problems
participants attended subject-matter workshops that exposed them to
advanced material outside the material in class
self-fulfilling prophecy - process by which a perceivers expectations about a
target lead that target to behave in ways that confirm those expectations
www.notesolution.com

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Description
chapter 6 - experiencing prejudice stigma - possession of a characteristic or attribute that conveys a negative social identity; deviant, flawed, limited, spoiled or generally undesirable stigmatized person - reduced in our minds from a whole and usual person to a tainted, discounted one Erving Goffman - three types of stigmas abominations of the body blemishes of individual character tribal stigmas of race, nation, and religion Doosje and Ellemers - group identification - high identifiers more likely to associate themselves with their group even when it has a negative image; low identifiers more likely to dissociate, quite prepared to let the group fall apart Steele and Aronson - stereotype threat - situation in which negative expectations about ability (due to stereotypes about the groups ability on that dimension) lead the stigmatized person to experience anxiety at the thought of performing poorly and confirming the stereotype; this anxiety often has the unfortunate effects of inhibiting performance and confirming the stereotype www.notesolution.com
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