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Chapter 9

Chapter 9 text book notes

7 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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chapter nine - reducing prejudice
contact hypothesis - notion that bringing two outgroups together in a
situation will result in decreased prejudice and stereotyping
four fundamental criteria - equal-status members, common goals, intergroup
cooperation, and the support of legitimate authority
Amir - two more variables - favourable climate for intergroup contact, and the
contact must be of an intimate rather than causal nature
Pettigrew - friendship potential
Stephan - lists 13 variables
appears to be an atheoretical laundry list for factors that facilitate the
positive effects of ingroup-outgroup contact - key point of confusion is that
some researchers have confused factors that are essential with those what
are merely facilitative in intergroup contact
Pettigrew - research tends to focus on when and why contact will result in
positive intergroup attitudes, but does not speak to how this change in
attitudes occurs in the contact situation - contact hypothesis does not specify
how positive feelings toward an outgroup member in the contact situation can
generalize to ones feelings for the whole outgroup
Pettigrews reformulated contact theory -
www.notesolution.com
longitudinal model of how the optimal contact situation should proceed and of
the changes that need to take place before individuals start to think of
outgroup members as potential friends
individuals bring their own intergroup experiences and biases and their own
personality characteristics to the contact situation
Allports four necessary conditions and Pettigrews additional necessary
condition
initial contact situation - regard each other with initial anxiety and begin
decategorization
established prolonged contact facilitates salient categorization - think of
outgroup members as representative of the outgroup
recategorization - intergroup context is configured to encourage a breakdown
of us versus them
Robbers Cave study - Sherifs classic study that found support for the
realistic-conflict theory and that also demonstrated how giving prejudiced
groups a superordinate goal can greatly reduce prejudice by blurring the
lines between ingroup and outgroup membership
superordinate goal - task that requires the cooperation and efforts of two or
more individuals to be completed successfully
realistic conflict theory - origin of prejudice, which suggests that when two
groups compete for scarce resources, prejudice will arise between them
www.notesolution.com

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Description
chapter nine - reducing prejudice contact hypothesis - notion that bringing two outgroups together in a situation will result in decreased prejudice and stereotyping four fundamental criteria - equal-status members, common goals, intergroup cooperation, and the support of legitimate authority Amir - two more variables - favourable climate for intergroup contact, and the contact must be of an intimate rather than causal nature Pettigrew - friendship potential Stephan - lists 13 variables appears to be an atheoretical laundry list for factors that facilitate the positive effects of ingroup-outgroup contact - key point of confusion is that some researchers have confused factors that are essential with those what are merely facilitative in intergroup contact Pettigrew - research tends to focus on when and why contact will result in positive intergroup attitudes, but does not speak to how this change in attitudes occurs in the contact situation - contact hypothesis does not specify how positive feelings toward an outgroup member in the contact situation can generalize to ones feelings for the whole outgroup Pettigrews reformulated contact theory - www.notesolution.com
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