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Published on 28 Mar 2013
Chapter 7: Stereotype Threat Spillover The Short and Long Term Effects of Coping with Threats
to Social Identity
A Stress and Coping Model of Stereotype Threat Spillover
Figure 7.1 Page 109 presents a model detailing the social psychological process whereby
someone confronted with a negative stereotype comes to sufferer short and long term effects in
areas unrelated to the source of that, an experience we call stereotype threat spillover
Individual Differences & Cues in the Environment Uncertainty and Vigilance Identity
Threat Appraisal
o No Identity Safety
o Yes Identity Threat
Involuntary Stress Response Long Term Consequences
Voluntary Coping Response Ego Depletion Short Term and Long Term
Model is based on identity threat models of stigma, process models of stereotype threat and
theories of stress and coping
o Can be threatening settings where people come to suspect that they could be devalued,
stigmatized or discriminated against because of a particular social identity
Stigma consciousness/ group based sensitivity
o These individuals are vigilant for cues signaling that why are being viewed
stereotypically and are therefore more likely to appraise situations as threatening
Self-Identification with Social Group
o The extent to which people regard their devalued identity as a central part of themselves
and how strongly they identity with domains in which their group is negatively
Identity Threat Appraisal
o If cues are not present or if individuals are not sensitive to those that re there, they may
not make identity threat appraisals or experience further consequences
o On the other hand, if cues that confirm stereotype relevance are present in the
environment of if individuals are sensitive to discrimination they may make threat
appraisals setting in motion a chain of stress and coping responses
Involuntary Stress Response
o Increases in arousal, distracting thoughts that consume limited working memory capacity
Voluntary Coping Response
o Motivated to disconfirm negative stereotypes
o Suppression of harmful thoughts and denying uncomfortable emotions
According to the integrated process model of stereotype threat, the proximal mediator of the
threat performance link is the loss of executive control
Stereotype threat leads to processing inefficiencies via depleted executive control
Extra compensatory coping efforts can result in a state known as ego depletion affecting people
long after they have left a threatening environment
Ego depletion refers to a state of compromised reserves of self-control, of having little mental
energy to overcome environmental temptations an override urges, emotions and automatic
response tendencies
Short term Consequences of Stereotype Spillover
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