PSYC12H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Ingroups And Outgroups, Stereotype Threat, Critical Mass

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Chapter 2: the role of situational cues in signalling and maintaining. Stereotype threat theory posited that these differences might be attributed to features of the situation. When situational cues in a setting make a stereotype salient and relevant to one"s actions, the resulting psychological pressure to disprove the stereotype might depress academic performance. The role of cues and vigilance in stereotype threat. When situational cues signal an identity"s value or importance in a setting, that particular group membership becomes more salient than the others and a vigilance process is initiated. During the vigilance phase of stereotype threat, people"s attention is directed to other situational cues in the environment to determine whether the identity may be a liability. If cues in social environment disconfirm the possibility that one"s social identity will likely be a source of stigma, devaluation or mistreatment, vigilance relaxes.

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