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Chapter 10

PSYC12H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Ableism, Authoritarian Personality, Motivated Reasoning


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht
Chapter
10

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Chapter 10: Trends and Unanswered Questions in Prejudice Research:
Prejudice Against Other Groups:
Why has discussion often been limited to just racie, gender and age
oThese are the three main ways we cateogirze another person upon first
perceiving them
oThese groups are almost an automatic part of our perception
oMore rsearch abut these group
Atitudes towards overweight ppl:
A century ago it was desirable to be overweight
Being overweight was a status symbol
American seem to have a particulary strong aversion to person who are
overweigth
oMore likely to openly display their prejudice toward overweigth ppl than
toward other groups
Someonw who is overweight – violates the American ideal of self denial and self
restraint
Overweight college students – particularly females – have more difficulty paying
fo college because they are less likely to get financial help for college from their
parents
oIn effect parents are discriminating against their own children
oBelieve that their daughter weight is the result of poor self control
oPoltically conservative parents indulge in this more
Intense anti fat – attitudes were correlated with authrotariansims
Research indicates that most of this prejudice results from the attributions ppl mae
about the reasons for beign overweight
oContralability
oOutward indicator of defienciy
oFeel prejudice
Seeing example of overweight ppl who have recently lost a lot of weight has the
effect of further reinforcing the idea
oSeeing examples of overweight ppl doing things to scuessfully lose weight
is threating to their steoryepes of laziness
oThe threat itself translates to further entrench the stereotype
oSubcateogrization of the weight loser as an outlier
Study:
oPaul – how do you think person x looks
oPerson x is sitting next to fat person
Bad
oPerson X siting next to a normal person
Good

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oThis relationship held true – regardless of the level of the perceived
relationship btw the seated individuals – strangers or lover
Landlords – less likely to rent to obese ppl
Study:
oJohn is fat b/c of genetics
Implict bias does not decrease but just stays the same
oJohn is fat because he eats too much
Implicit bias increases
Read stories that were designed to produce empathy for fat ppl
oAntifat attitudes did not diminish
Attitutdes towards Lesbians and Gays:
I got your back paul
Hetrosexism – a stigmatizing of any sexual orientation other than heterosexual
Workplace hetrosexism and a lack of supportive interactions with others about the
environment – led to a greater incidences of depresseion and distress
oThe impact of this treatment depdends on the number of supportive
relationships they have but also of the non supportive interactions they
have
Even comments from ppl who believe they are being supportive can be
interpreted by the homo’s as unsupportive
Attitude of hetro’s towards fags depdends on
oGender
oTarget
oFindings
HM (hetromen) and HW – indicate different attitudes toward gay
and lesbians
Both have negative attitudes toward homo’s
HM – more negatives to gays than lesbians
HW – more prejudicial towards Lesbos
Efeminate gays – are regarded with hostilitily and contempt from more masculine
men
oSocial identity theory – predicit such hostility toward a stereotype
confirming individual in ones group
More Contact = less prejudiced
Education seems to only have an impact on reducing the prejudice of HW
Origin
o½ of Americans believing homo is a lifestyle and a choice
oauthoritarian personality associated with the person of prejudice
oppl see it is a violations of conventiaol social order and traditional values
degree of contact with homo – most significant preicotr of homophobia
Attitudes toward the physically challendged:
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