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16 Feb 2011
School
Department
Course
PSY. OF PREJUDICE
WINTER 2011-01-12
CHAPTER ONE
Groups
-Basic building blocks of society
-Disadvant: mate retention and competition
-Ingrp.: favour own grp., belong to
-Outgrp.: do not favour, do not belong to
-Minimal Grp.: grp. membership based on the most arbitrary criteria
-Prejudice: negative feelings about other grps.
-Stereotypes: beliefs that certain characteristics are associated with other grps.
Stereotypes
Lippmann: -Stereotypes describe tendency of people to think of someone or something in similar terms,
having similar attributes and common features shared by each
-Stereotypes tell us what social information is important
-We disregard information that is inconsistent with our stereotypes
Stereotypes: from bad to neutral
Stereotypes: negative and lazy way of perceiving others
Stereotypes: an outward indicator of irrational, nonanalytic cognition
Stereotypes: exaggerated belief associated with a category
Stereotypes: a normal psychological process
The Social-Cog. Definition
-Social cog. regard stereotypes as automatic process of categorization
-Schema: cog. structure that represents knowledge about s concept or type of stimulus
-Stereotypes: more specific and are subsumed within a schema
-Ashmore and Boca: Stereotypes=a set of beliefs about the personal attributes of a grp. of people
Cultural Stereotypes: shared or community wide patterns of beliefs
Individual Stereotypes: beliefs held by an individual about the characteristics of a grp.
-Cult. and Indiv. Stereotypes are not the same
Attitude
-a general evaluation of some object
-3 components: beh., affect, and cog.
-cog. portion of intergrp. attitude=stereotype
-discrimination: negative beh directed toward an indiv. based on their membership in a grp.
- Stereotype is not an attitude
+ vs. – Stereotypes
-Stereotypes not bad or good, just generalizations
Defining Prejudice
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Document Summary

: do not favour, do not belong to. : grp. membership based on the most arbitrary criteria. Stereotypes: beliefs that certain characteristics are associated with other grps. Lippmann: -stereotypes describe tendency of people to think of someone or something in similar terms, having similar attributes and common features shared by each. Stereotypes tell us what social information is important. We disregard information that is inconsistent with our stereotypes. Stereotypes: negative and lazy way of perceiving others. Stereotypes: an outward indicator of irrational, nonanalytic cognition. Social cog. regard stereotypes as automatic process of categorization. Schema: cog. structure that represents knowledge about s concept or type of stimulus. Stereotypes: more specific and are subsumed within a schema. Ashmore and boca: stereotypes=a set of beliefs about the personal attributes of a grp. of people. Cultural stereotypes: shared or community wide patterns of beliefs. Individual stereotypes: beliefs held by an individual about the characteristics of a grp.

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