Chapter 1 notes
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PSY. OF PREJUDICE
-Basic building blocks of society
-Disadvant: mate retention and competition
-Ingrp.: favour own grp., belong to
-Outgrp.: do not favour, do not belong to
-Minimal Grp.: grp. membership based on the most arbitrary criteria
-Prejudice: negative feelings about other grps.
-Stereotypes: beliefs that certain characteristics are associated with other grps.
Lippmann: -Stereotypes describe tendency of people to think of someone or something in similar terms,
having similar attributes and common features shared by each
-Stereotypes tell us what social information is important
-We disregard information that is inconsistent with our stereotypes
Stereotypes: from bad to neutral
Stereotypes: negative and lazy way of perceiving others
Stereotypes: an outward indicator of irrational, nonanalytic cognition
Stereotypes: exaggerated belief associated with a category
Stereotypes: a normal psychological process
The Social-Cog. Definition
-Social cog. regard stereotypes as automatic process of categorization
-Schema: cog. structure that represents knowledge about s concept or type of stimulus
-Stereotypes: more specific and are subsumed within a schema
-Ashmore and Boca: Stereotypes=a set of beliefs about the personal attributes of a grp. of people
Cultural Stereotypes: shared or community wide patterns of beliefs
Individual Stereotypes: beliefs held by an individual about the characteristics of a grp.
-Cult. and Indiv. Stereotypes are not the same
-a general evaluation of some object
-3 components: beh., affect, and cog.
-cog. portion of intergrp. attitude=stereotype
-discrimination: negative beh directed toward an indiv. based on their membership in a grp.
- Stereotype is not an attitude
+ vs. – Stereotypes
-Stereotypes not bad or good, just generalizations
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