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PSYC12H3 (303)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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Chapter 10: Trends and Unanswered Questions in Prejudice Research
Prejudice against other Groups
3 major types of prejudice: prejudice based on race, gender, age
2 major reasons why limit to 3 prejudice
o3 main ways to categorize person is by race, gender, age
oMore research on racism and sexism
Attitudes toward overweight persons
Painter Rubens: portraits of nude, overweight women
Allon: an individual who is overweight violates American ideal of self denial and self restraint
5 out of 11 landlords would not rent to obese person, all 11 would rent to normal weight potential
tenants
Genetic contribution to obesity is between 40-80%
Attitudes toward lesbians and gay men
Heterosexism: stigmatizing of any sexual orientation other than heterosexuals
attitudes of heterosexuals towards lesbians and gay depends on gender or respondent and target of
evaluation
attitudes of heterosexual man toward gay males are significantly more negative and prejudiced
than they are toward lesbians and heterosexual women hold more prejudicial attitudes against
lesbians
some findings indicated HW tend to have more positive attitudes than HM toward gay men
Taywaditep found gay men who are effeminate tend to be regarded with contempt and hostility by
more masculine gay men
Some studies on origin of prejudice toward lesbians and gays indicate support for authoritarian-
like origin, people less accepting of gender equality tend to also be less tolerant of gay and lesbian
Cullen- degree of contact person has with lesbians and gay was most significant predictor of
subsequent homophobia: the greater the interpersonal contact, less likely person is to hold
prejudiced attitudes toward lesbians and gay
Attitudes toward physically challenged
Aldeism/handicapism: prejudice against physically challenged (P.C.) people
People with physical conditions often subject of derision, fear, disgust, prejudice, stereotypes and
discrimination
Study of 216 journalism/mass communication programs found little if any emphasis or training is
devoted to reporting ableism
Ableism has negative effects on those against whom negative attitudes are directed
Prejudice against people with P.C. appears to be learned early in childhood
oStudy: black and white children asked to rank order pictures showing black or white people
who either did or did not have physical disability
oChildren showed strong preference for pictures depicting physically able and white children
ranked picture of physically disabled person lower than picture of black person
Juni and Roth found that handicapped confederates were helped more than nonhandicapped
confederates
oThis may indicate belief that handicapped persons need more assistance, this assumption
may be symptom of underlying prejudice against handicapped persons
Gourier found people ratings of suitability of person for job depended on whether applicant had
disability
oThose who has disability were given significantly lower ratings
oRatings of applicants with disabilities varied according to type of disability those with
physical disabilities were rated much higher than those with mental disabilities
Understanding the dynamic nature of intergroup theory
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Description
Chapter 10: Trends and Unanswered Questions in Prejudice Research Prejudice against other Groups 3 major types of prejudice: prejudice based on race, gender, age 2 major reasons why limit to 3 prejudice o 3 main ways to categorize person is by race, gender, age o More research on racism and sexism Attitudes toward overweight persons Painter Rubens: portraits of nude, overweight women Allon: an individual who is overweight violates American ideal of self denial and self restraint 5 out of 11 landlords would not rent to obese person, all 11 would rent to normal weight potential tenants Genetic contribution to obesity is between 40-80% Attitudes toward lesbians and gay men Heterosexism: stigmatizing of any sexual orientation other than heterosexuals attitudes of heterosexuals towards lesbians and gay depends on gender or respondent and target of evaluation attitudes of heterosexual man toward gay males are significantly more negative and prejudiced than they are toward lesbians and heterosexual women hold more prejudicial attitudes against lesbians some findings indicated HW tend to have more positive attitudes than HM toward gay men Taywaditep found gay men who are effeminate tend to be regarded with contempt and hostility by more masculine gay men Some studies on origin of prejudice toward lesbians and gays indicate support for authoritarian- like origin, people less accepting of gender equality tend to also be less tolerant of gay and lesbian Cullen- degree of contact person has with lesbians and gay was most significant predictor of subsequent homophobia: the greater the interpersonal contact, less likely person i
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