Textbook Notes (380,728)
CA (168,192)
UTSC (19,295)
Psychology (10,043)
PSYC12H3 (303)
Chapter 1

chapter 1

10 Pages
85 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 10 pages of the document.
Chapter One: Introduction to study of Stereotyping and Prejudice
Formation of groups is key evolutionary social behaviour
oh/w, negative things happen as a result:
We have a tendency to favour members of our own groups (ingroups) vs
those that dont belong (outgroups)
oEven when group membership is arbitrary (like a minimal grouprandom
assignment to groups A and B) ppl tend to prefer their own group
oAlthough seems evolutionarily advantageous, negative outcome is PREJUDICE
oPREJUDICE—negative feelings about other groups.
oSTEREOTYPES—having certain characteristics associated with certain groups
oDISCRIMINATION—add
Defining Stereotyping
oStereotyping=tendency for ppl to think of someone/something in similar terms
based on common features shared by each.
Its a way of simplifying confusing info from the world using
representations that serve as templates
oStereotypes help us determine what social info is important or irrelevant in our
environment
This however, causes us to accept stereotype consistent information and
reject schema inconsistent info
oStereotypes are culture-dependent
Stereotyping is a Normal Psychological process
oOften viewed as a lazy, irrational, illogical way of processing the world. However,
other psychologists distanced themselves from the idea that someone who
stereotypes have something intrinsically wrong with them
The Social-Cognition Definition:
www.notesolution.com
oA stereotype is ANY generalization made about a group whether an observer
believes it is justified or not
oIt is not accurate enough to define a stereotype as a schema—too broad.
oBetter defn: a set of beliefs about the personal attributes of a group of people.—
good because it keys in on the fact that this is a generalization about a group of
ppl.
Cultural and Individual Stereotypes:
oTwo types of stereotypes:
Cultural—shared or community wide patterns of beliefs
Individual—beliefs held by an individual about characteristics of a group
oImportant to consider distinction because when administering tests/experiments,
need to keep in mind that culturally consistent options may restrict the
participants responses if they hold individual stereotypes
Is stereotyping an Attitude?
oAttitudes=gerna evaluation of some object.
Attitudes tend to be categorized as either good/bad.
Cannot be considered a stereotype because stereotypes only take the
cognitive portion into consideration.
Attitude is affective component—ones thoughts or beliefs about, feelings
toward, and behaviour toward a particular group???
oDiscrimination: any negative behaviour directed toward an individual based on
their membership in a group
Positive vs Negative Stereotypes:
oDefn of stereotype doesnt have any affective valence(+/-)
oMerely a generalization about a particular group—can be good or bad
DEFINING PREJUDICE:
oA negative evaluation of another stimulus, in this case, an individual based on
www.notesolution.com
their membership to a group.
oPrejudice as negative affect
oPrejudice as an attitude:
Prejudice can be based on affective, cognitive and behavioural sources
Ex: affective (anger), cognitive(beliefs linking hostility to the
outgroup), and behavioural (avoidant or hostile)
Can result in ABCs expressions of prejudice.
h/w, of the 3, affect is the influential basis of most prejudice
subtle prejudice can be based on lack of positive feelings twds group,
while strong prejudice is linked to strong negative feelings.
Affect and bhvr tend to be strongest predictors of group attitudes (aka
prejudices)
Recent material suggests prejudice is an “attitude-in-context—prejudice
depends on match b/n social role stereotyped person is trying to fit and the
perceived attributes req for the success of that role
oCriticisms of Prejudice is attitude approach:
Attitude not same as affect. ??dont get
Cant say prejudice has affective, cognitive, and behavioural component
because not consistently demonstrated.
Prejudice as a Social Emotion:
oSelf categorization theory—ppl views themselves as a member of a social
category.
oIntergroup interactions make ur own self-categorizations more salient. This makes
the outgroup be perceived as homogeneous because u highlight the differences
between yourself and the outgroup.
oAppraisala set of cognitions attached to a certain emotion
Emotion in this theory is triggered by the assesemtn of the adaptive
significance and self-relevance of the people and events in ones
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Chapter One: Introduction to study of Stereotyping and Prejudice Formation of groups is key evolutionary social behaviour o hw, negative things happen as a result: We have a tendency to favour members of our own groups (ingroups) vs those that dont belong (outgroups) o Even when group membership is arbitrary (like a minimal grouprandom assignment to groups A and B) ppl tend to prefer their own group o Although seems evolutionarily advantageous, negative outcome is PREJUDICE o PREJUDICEnegative feelings about other groups. o STEREOTYPEShaving certain characteristics associated with certain groups o DISCRIMINATIONadd Defining Stereotyping o Stereotyping=tendency for ppl to think of someonesomething in similar terms based on common features shared by each. Its a way of simplifying confusing info from the world using representations that serve as templates o Stereotypes help us determine what social info is important or irrelevant in our environment This however, causes us to accept stereotype consistent information and reject schema inconsistent info o Stereotypes are culture-dependent Stereotyping is a Normal Psychological process o Often viewed as a lazy, irrational, illogical way of processing the world. However, other psychologists distanced themselves from the idea that someone who stereotypes have something intrinsically wrong with them The Social-Cognition Definition: www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit