Variations on a Theme -- article 2 summary

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Published on 6 Oct 2011
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Variations on a Theme:
Culture and the Meaning of Socialization Practices and Child
Competence
-Parents’ perceptions of and responses to their children’s emotions play a
critical role in the evolution of a child’s psychological well-being or
difficulties.
-Three parental behaviours to make a prominent contribution to the
development of social and emotional competence:
1. Parents’ reactions to children’s emotions
2. Discussion about emotions
3. Parental expression of emotion
These 3 components of child-parent interactions converge with other
individual differences (e.g. child temperament) to make demonstrable
contributions to the development of competence/maladjustment.
-The importance of context in understanding and evaluating parental
socialization of emotion and child social competence. Context includes:
Parents’ idiosyncratic values and goals for their children
Meaning embedded in dyadic transactions between child and
caregiver
Cultural values for what constitutes effective childrearing and child
outcome
-Without the study of cultural variations, we cannot understand the
functional significance of children’s emotional behaviours and parents’
socialization practices.
The research on socialization of emotion
-Focused on the values of middle- to upper class Americans of
European descent
-There are many parents who appear not to share quite the same values
as those represented in the child development literature
Cross-sectional study of Tamang children in rural Nepal
-Observed caregivers’ initial reactions to children’s anger and
distress
Children around 2-3 years of age – caregivers quickly attended to
coddled when negative emotion is expressed supportive/nurturant.
Children older than 2/3 – caregivers did not react supportively; either
ignored or were critical of the child (e.g. mocked/scolded)
minimizing/punishing.
-Research was stimulated by the observation that Tamang people have
been noted for their ability to maintain positive, compassionate and
egalitarian relationships.
This ability is a key element of the definition of social competence
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Document Summary

Culture and the meaning of socialization practices and child. Parents" perceptions of and responses to their children"s emotions play a critical role in the evolution of a child"s psychological well-being or difficulties. Three parental behaviours to make a prominent contribution to the development of social and emotional competence: parents" reactions to children"s emotions, discussion about emotions, parental expression of emotion. These 3 components of child-parent interactions converge with other individual differences (e. g. child temperament) to make demonstrable contributions to the development of competence/maladjustment. The importance of context in understanding and evaluating parental socialization of emotion and child social competence. Parents" idiosyncratic values and goals for their children. Meaning embedded in dyadic transactions between child and caregiver outcome. Cultural values for what constitutes effective childrearing and child. Without the study of cultural variations, we cannot understand the functional significance of children"s emotional behaviours and parents" socialization practices. Focused on the values of middle- to upper class americans of.

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