III. Living in Multicultural Worlds
a. Changing Times
x Interaction and integration among people and institutions of different nations.
Information Technology (google)
International business (IKEA)
x Global Civilization: Boundaries of a society are not defined spatially, but exists in terms of the
connectedness between people
x Who is influencing who?
o The information is with industrialized world and they are sharing it online, but it is influencing
people across borders.
ii. Cross-Cultural Marriages
x When parents are from two distinctly different cultures,
o Children are exposed to aspects of both cultures
o They develop multicultural identities
o Existence of multiple psycho-cultural systems of representations
x Parents may continue to maintain cultural practices at home
x Peers & education system transmit beliefs/values of new culture
x Role reversal when children provide parents with info about ways of new culture
o Hard on parents to surrender power in order to learn from children
o Hard on children as cultural intermediaries, while still being socialized by parents
b. Psychological Adjustment
x Acquiring a new language
x Learning new interpersonal and social behaviors
x Becoming accustomed to new values
x Becoming a member of a minority group
c. Experiences of Multiculturalism and Acculturation
x Acculturation is the process by which people migrate to and learn culture that is different from their original
i. People move to new countries for many reasons
x To be closer to their families.
x To seek fortune and fame.
x Because they are refugees and have no choice.
x To study abroad and move back when they are done.
x Some move as children on the decision of their families.
ii. People move to different kinds of environments
x Some move to pseudo-cultural heavens where everyone is the same culture
x Some move to homogenous neighbourhoods where they are the only ones who appear different.
x Some move to environments that actively discriminates against people from their cultures
x Some move to expatriate neighbourhoods where everyone has migrated from different parts of the globe.
iii. People move to places with varying cultural distance (cultures that vary in similarity to heritage
culture ± example America and Canada has less cultural distance)
x from rural community in their country to an urban center in a new culture.
x To places where dominant language, religious practices, cultural practices are the same.
x To places that vary from their heritage cultures in every aspect.
d. Acculturation and Enculturation
x Acculturation - Process by which people learn a culture that is different from their original (or heritage)
x Enculturation- Process by which people maintain their original culture of origin.