PSYC14H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Acculturation, Coronary Artery Disease, New Culture Movement

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4 Dec 2011
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Chapter 12: Living in Multicultural Worlds
Difficulties in Studying Acculturation
- Acculturation: the process by which people migrate to and learn a culture that is
different from their original/heritage culture.
- Few commonalities occur for all acculturating individuals and this makes it
challenging to identifying common patterns.
- Migrants: those who move from a heritage culture to a host culture and include those
who intend to stay only temporarily (sojourners) and those who intend to move
permanently (immigrants).
What Happen When People Move to a New Culture?
- Changes in attitudes toward the host culture
Honeymoon Stage: initially, people tend to view their experiences in new
cultures to be pleasant and exciting (tourists).
Crisis of Culture Shock: the earlier thrill of having novel experiences wears off
and these experiences become tiring and difficult (recent migrants experience
homesickness).
Culture Shock: the feeling of being anxious, helpless, irritable and homesick that
one experiences on moving to a new culture.
Adjustment: after the crisis stage, most people start to adjust and begin to enjoy
their experiences more (tends to extend over a number of years).
Reverse Culture Shock: find themselves puzzling over why they do not
quite feel at home any more in their home country.
In homogenous societies (Japan), the adjustment phase takes longer than
heterogeneous countries (US).
- Who adjusts better?
Cultural Distance: the difference between two cultures in their overall ways of
life.
The more cultural distance someone travels, the more difficult that person
will acculturate.
Language and establishing interpersonal relationships with members of the
host culture are some predictors of ease of acculturation.
People do not have to leave their country to be confronted with the need to
acculturate to new set of values (different cultures in different areas).
Cultural Fit: the degree to which an individual’s personality is more similar to the
dominant cultural values in the host culture.
The greater the cultural fit of a person with the host culture, the more easily
he should acculturate to it.
People with more independent self-concepts would be a better cultural fit in
individualistic societies (US).
Integration Strategy: attempting to fit in and fully participate in the host culture
while at the same time striving to maintain the traditions of one’s heritage
culture.
Most common strategy people pursue (best of both worlds).
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The strategy that results in the lowest degree of acculturative stress.
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