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PSYC14H3 (239)
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Chapter 12

PSYC14 - Chapter 12 Notes

7 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC14H3
Professor
Sisi Tran

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lbalaquiao
1
PSYC14
CHAPTER 12
LIVING IN MULTICULTURAL WORLDS
- Cultures are NOT homogenous entities --> cultures are not as clear-cut as we may think
- MAIN QUESTIONS:
o What happens to people’s psychology when they move to a culture that is different
from the one where they were raised?
o Do some people fare better in this experience than others?
o How are people’s minds different if they have lived in two distinct cultures throughout
their lives?
o What are some of the psychological costs of being a member of a culture that is actively
discriminated against by others?
DIFFICULTIES IN STUDYING ACCULTURATION
- ACCULTURATION --> the process by which people migrate to and learn a culture that is different
from their original (or heritage) culture.
- Research on acculturation is pretty much scattered about --> the literature is not very coherent
- Acculturating individuals all have different experiences
o Different reasons for immigrating --> fortune or fame; refugees; studying abroad etc.
o Immigrate to dramatically different environments
To the ghetto or more homogenous environment where they are one of the
only different ones
o Some move to environments that are either very similar to or different from their
heritage culture
o Different personalities are also variables when studying acculturation
- OVERALL: -->there are few commonalities between acculturating individuals
OUTLINE
Difficulties in Studying Acculturation
What Happens When People Move to a New Culture?
- Changes in Attitudes Toward the Host Culture
- Who Adjusts Better?
- Some Pitfalls of Acculturation
Multicultural People
- Evidence for Blending
- Frame-Switching
Different but Often Unequal
lbalaquiao
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WHAT HAPPENS WHEN PEOPLE MOVE TO A NEW CULTURE?
- ONE CLEAR, AGREED UPON ISSUE: moving to a new culture involves psychological adjustment
- How do people experience this adjustment?
Changes in Attitudes Toward the Host Culture
- Migrants --> people who move from a heritage culture to a host culture and include those who
intend to stay only temporarily and those who intend to move permanently
o Heritage culture --> a person’s original culture
o Host culture --> the new culture a person is getting into
o Sojourners --> those who intend to stay only temporarily
o Immigrants --> those who intend to move permanently
- The Acculturation Curve --> A common pattern of adjustment to acculturation
o “Honeymoon Stage”: migrants have an especially positive time in the first initial months
of their stay; they enjoy their new experiences of the new culture
o Crisis of Culture Shock Stage: between 6 and 18 months, migrants usually experience
the most negative feelings of their stay
The feel of experiencing novel things wears off
Realize that they’re language skills are not strong enough to be fully functional
in their new environment
Homesickness becomes pretty strong at this stage
Symptoms of culture shock: homesickness, feelings of being anxious, helpless,
irritable, missing all close friends and family, missing all the little things from
back home
o Adjustment Stage: after being miserable for several months, migrants begin to adjust
and enjoy the experience more
Language abilities improve --> allows for better functionality in the new
environment
Better able to make longer lasting friendships with the locals
Adapted to cultural things such as tv programming and the food
Begin to think more like the locals around them
- NOTE: The acculturation curve cannot be generalized to everyone
o People’s experiences in new environments differ greatly across individuals
o Research has found that the initial Honeymoon Stage is not evident for many sojourners
- There are societal features that influence the acculturation of individuals’ adjustments
o how easy it is to be accommodated by the host culture
o the level of homogeneity of the host culture affects the success of adjustment for the
migrants
- the success of people’s acculturation experiences seem to be importantly influenced by the
homogeneity of the society with which they are trying to acculturate
Who Adjusts Better?
- Do people respond differently to acculturation?
- In what ways do people respond differently to acculturation
- what are some features that influence how people will adjust to their acculturation
experience?

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Description
lbalaquiaoPSYC14 CHAPTER 12 LIVING IN MULTICULTURAL WORLDSOUTLINE Difficulties in Studying AcculturationWhat Happens When People Move to a New CultureChanges in Attitudes Toward the Host CultureWho Adjusts BetterSome Pitfalls of AcculturationMulticultural People Evidence for BlendingFrameSwitching Different but Often Unequal Cultures are NOT homogenous entitiescultures are not as clearcut as we may thinkMAIN QUESTIONS o What happens to peoples psychology when they move to a culture that is different from the one where they were raised o Do some people fare better in this experience than others o How are peoples minds different if they have lived in two distinct cultures throughout their lives o What are some of the psychological costs of being a member of a culture that is actively discriminated against by others DIFFICULTIES IN STUDYING ACCULTURATIONACCULTURATIONthe process by which people migrate to and learn a culture that is different from their original or heritage culture Research on acculturation is pretty much scattered aboutthe literature is not very coherent Acculturating individuals all have different experiences o Different reasons for immigrating fortune or fame refugees studying abroad etc o Immigrate to dramatically different environments To the ghetto or more homogenous environment where they are one of the only different ones o Some move to environments that are either very similar to or different from their heritage culture o Different personalities are also variables when studying acculturationOVERALL there are few commonalities between acculturating individuals 1
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