Textbook Notes (378,371)
CA (167,127)
UTSC (19,207)
Psychology (9,979)
PSYC18H3 (280)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1

4 Pages
95 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC18H3
Professor
Gerald Cupchik

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
PSYC18- Chapter 1- Approaches to understanding emotions
It has often been thought that anger is destructive to the self and to social relations
The most early theorists of emotions, the Epicureans and Stoics thought that
emotions are irrational and damaging
19th century founders
3 theorists: Darwin, James and Freud
Darwin: the evolutionary approach
Darwin did not say that we have emotions because they function in our survival
He believed that humans are descended from other species; we are not only closer to
animals but we ourselves are animals
He observed emotional expressions in nonhuman species as well as adult and infant
humans; he was interested in both normal and abnormal
He was one of the first to use questionnaires and first to use photographs of
naturalistic and posed expressions to make scientific points
Darwin asked 2 main questions in his book on emotions. First, how are emotions
expressed in humans and other animals? Second, where do our emotions come from?
He concluded that emotional expressions derive from habits that in our evolutionary
or individual past had once been useful
For Darwin, emotional expressions showed the continuity of adult human
behavioural mechanisms with those of lower animals and with those of infancy
He thought that emotions were like vestigial parts of our bodies; he believed that
sneering, an expression in which we partially uncover the teeth on one side is a
behavioural vestige of snarling, and of preparing to bite. This preparation was
functional in some distant ancestor but is so no longer
Darwin traced other expressions to infancy: crying is the vestige of screaming in
infancy, though in adulthood it is partly inhibited
One of his most interesting suggestions is that patterns of adult affection, of taking
those whom we love in our arms, are based on patterns of parents hugging young
infants
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
PSYC18- Chapter 1- Approaches to understanding emotions It has often been thought that anger is destructive to the self and to social relations The most early theorists of emotions, the Epicureans and Stoics thought that emotions are irrational and damaging 19 century founders 3 theorists: Darwin, James and Freud Darwin: the evolutionary approach Darwin did not say that we have emotions because they function in our survival He believed that humans are descended from other species; we are not only closer to animals but we ourselves are animals He observed emotional expressions in nonhuman species as well as adult and infant humans; he was interested in both normal and abnormal He was one of the first to use questionnaires and first to use photographs of naturalistic and posed expressions to make scientific points Darwin asked 2 main questions in his book on emotions. First, how are emotions expressed in humans and other animals? Second, where do our emotions come from? He concluded that emotional expressions derive from habits that in our evolutionary or individual past had once been useful For Darwin, emotional expressions showed the continuity of adult human behavioural mechanisms with those of lower animals and with those of infancy He thought that emotions were like vestigial parts of our bodies; he believed that sneering, an expression in which we partially uncover the teeth on one side is a behavioural vestige of snarling, and of preparing to bite. This preparation was functional in some distant ancestor but is so no longer Darwin traced other expressions to infancy: crying is the vestige of screaming in infancy, though in adulthood it is partly inhibited One of his most interesting suggestions is that patterns of adult affection, of taking those whom we love in our arms, are based on patterns of parents hugging young infants www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit