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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 notes

Course Code
Gerald Cupchik

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Chapter 1: Understanding emotions
-19th century founders
oCharles Darwin: evolutionary approaches
Humans are animals, which have unique facial muscles to express human
sentiments unknown to other animals
Some emotions are left over from previous ancestors uses, in which evolution
has kept, but has no more use anymore (sneering, showing teeth)
Emotions link us to our past (historic and infancy)
oWilliam James
Non common sense approach, we encounter exciting facts/events and emotions
is our perception of changes in the body as we react to that fact
Emotions string from changes in the autonomic nervous system (heart, sweat
glands, stomach, muscles)
Emotions give colour and warmth to experience
oSigmund Freud
Emotions are the core of many pathologies (more later)
-Philosophical and literary approaches
oAristotle: the conceptual approach
Emotions connected with action (many assume it happens without our control)
Emotion is based on what we believe and how we evaluate the world
Aristotles rhetoric: how do we persuade others?
1) Ppl believe good ppl over bad ppl
2) Persuaded if it stirs emotions
3) Persuaded if they seem truthful
Various judgements lead to different emotions
Anger leads to impulse and pain
Slighted emotion is to be treated with contempt, or shame
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