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CA (160,000)
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Psychology (10,000)
PSYC18H3 (200)
Chapter 3

PSYC18H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Hikaru Genji, Cheq Wong Language, Biological Process

Course Code
G Cupchik

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PSYC18 Chapter 3 – Cultural Understanding of Emotions
- Catherine Lutz on the island of Ifaluk where she experienced a different emotional culture
The construction of emotions in the West
- Plato thought that emotions arise from the lower part of the mind and pervert reason
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau: published that religious sensibility is based on how you feel
- Romantics fascinated by the natural. Writers began to explore the worlds of ordinary life,
writing itself became a way of discovering inner emotional truths. Emotion became an
ideal to be cultivated
- Frankenstein and its emphasis on the natural, distrust of the artificial, apprehension of
humans arrogantly overstepping boundaries
- Romantic movement: we see core beliefs about human nature and about emotions as
original, primordial, authentic causes of behaviour
- Emotiosn are powerful forces, often at odds with more deliberate, rational thought
The elements of a cultural approach to emotion
- Values, concepts and ideas about the self as expressed in art forms, rituals, etc shape
how members of particular societies experience emotion and these matters are not
- Culture-specific beliefs and practices are influenced by historical and economic factors
- Second assumption: emotions can be thought of as roles people have to fulfill to play out
culture-specific identities and relationships
- Arlie Hochschild: emotional role of airline stewardess
- Batja Mesquita (2001) states that cultural approaches focus on the “practice“ of emotion
in contrast to the “potential” for emotion. (if put in same situation, the emotion may be
universal. Problem is that we don’t all encounter the same cultural situations every day)
- The self-construal approach: independent and interdependent selves
oAmerican culture: individuality, freedom, self-expression (Declaration of
oAsian culture: putting the others before self, knowing one’s place, etc. (The
o2 kinds of self-construal: the independent self (individualism), the interdependent
self (collectivism)
oConsider anger: in Japan, anger among colleagues and relations are inappropriate
where in American culture, it is normal and accepted (Miyake et al: baby and toy
experiment) Amae
- The values approach: to understand cultural differences in emotion in terms of differences
in values
oValue: broad principles hat govern our social behaviour
oElicitors: emotions readily elicited (shame and embarassment more readily elicited
in Japan)
oTodas of India: not jealous of marriage partners sleeping around unless it was with
a non-Todas man, first son must marry first, etc.
oHypercognized: emotion that is emphasized in the language of the culture)
oHypocognized: emotion that seem little noticed
- The epistemological approach
oEpistemlogoies: ways of knowing, refer to knowledge structures and theories that
guide patterns of thought, affect and behaviour in domain-specific ways
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