PSYC18H3 Chapter 8: Chapter 8. Development of Emotions in Childhood
The idea of discrete emotions derive from tomkins"s (1962) proposal that each emotion comes as an innate package with its own neural program. emotional expressions, then, are outward, visible signs of inner programs. as development proceeds, specific emotions are expressed in forms recognizable to others. Oster"s baby-facs, an adaptation for infants of the original adult facs by ekman and friesen. Expressions of emotions other than disgust is hard to distinguish in the first few days of life. 2 months - happiness expression can be distinguished in babies faces. social smiles also emerge after the first month or two. 3 months - babies smile in response to pleasurable social encounters - same kinds of events that makes adults and older children happy. mastery of a skill makes infants smile. demonstrated when infants could pull string to turn music on.