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Chapter 1

PSYC21H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Social Learning Theory, Social Change, Psychodynamics


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC21H3
Professor
Carly Prusky
Chapter
1

Page:
of 18
Chapter 1
Introduction: Theories of Social Development
Chapter Outline
INTRODUCTION: THEORIES OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
Bet You Didn’t Know That . . . Newborns Can Recognize Their Mothers by Smell
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT: A BRIEF HISTORY
CRITICAL QUESTIONS ABOUT SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
1. How Do Biological and Environmental Influences Affect Social Development?
Insights from Extremes: Genie—A “Wild Child”
2. What Role Do Children Play in Their Own Development?
3. What Is the Appropriate Unit for Studying Social Development?
4. Is Development Continuous or Discontinuous?
5. Is Social Behavior the Result of the Situation or the Child?
6. Is Social Development Universal across Cultures?
Cultural Context: Parenting Advice Around the Globe
7. How Does Social Development Vary across Historical Eras?
Research up Close: Children of the Great Depression
8. Is Social Development Related to Other Developmental Domains?
9. How Important Are Mothers for Children’s Social Development?
10. Is There a Single Pathway of Social Development?
11. What Influences How We Label Children’s Social Behavior?
12. Do Developmental Psychologists “Own” Social Development?
THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES ON SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
PSYCHODYNAMIC PERSPECTIVES
Freud’s Theory
Erikson’s Theory
Psychodynamic Perspectives: An Evaluation
Into Adulthood: Fatherhood and Generativity
TRADITIONAL LEARNING THEORY PERSPECTIVES
Classical and Operant Conditioning
Learning Theory Approaches: An Evaluation
COGNITIVE LEARNING PERSPECTIVES
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Cognitive Social Learning Theory
Beyond Modeling: Reciprocal Determination and Self-Efficacy
Cognitive Social Learning Theory: An Evaluation
Learning from Living Leaders: Joan E. Grusec
INFORMATION-PROCESSING PERSPECTIVES
Social Information Processing
Information-Processing: An Evaluation
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTAL PERSPECTIVES
Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Theory
Piaget’s Theory: An Evaluation
Social Cognitive Domain Perspective
Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory
Vygotsky’s Theory: An Evaluation
Learning from Living Leaders: Barbara Rogoff
SYSTEMS THEORY PERSPECTIVES
Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory
Ecological Systems Theory: An Evaluation
BIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES
Ethological Theory
Ethological Theory: An Evaluation
Evolutionary Developmental Theory
Evolutionary Developmental Theory: An Evaluation
Learning from Living Leaders: David Bjorklund
Human Behavior Genetics
Human Behavior Genetics: An Evaluation
LIFE SPAN PERSPECTIVE
Life Span Perspective: An Evaluation
A VARIETY OF THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES
Chapter Summary
Key Terms
At the Movies
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Learning Objectives
1. Describe what the study of social development entails.
2. Summarize the historical foundations of the study of social development.
3. Understand the critical questions of social development (biological and environmental
influences; role children play in their own development; appropriate unit for studying social
development; continuous and discontinuous development; role of the situation vs. the child;
universality of social development; variation across historical eras; social development as
related to other domains; importance of mothers vs. others; single vs. multiple pathways of
development; influences on judgments of children’s social behavior).
4. Understand each of the theoretical perspectives presented in this chapter.
5. Describe the strengths and weaknesses of each theoretical perspective.
6. Explain why several complimentary theories are needed for the study of social development.
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find more resources at oneclass.com