PSYC39H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Mental Health Professional, Spree, Random Assignment

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11 Dec 2012
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Chapter 7: Violent Offending
1/8 are criminal offences in canada
Rates of victimization same for women and men, women-more sexual
Hostile aggression impulsive reaction to real or perceived threat
Instrumental aggression premeditated and aimed at achieving a secondary
goal (money)
o Instrumental Aggression Rating measure
Planning/preparation before aggression
Goal directed
Unprovoked aggression
Lack of anger during aggression
Victim is a stranger
Explaining Violence
o Social Learning theory aggression is learned through reinforcement
o General Aggression Model main components =input from person
and situation, the routes (cognitive, affective, arousal) that mediate
influence of inputs, appraisal and decision process that lead to either
impulsive action or thoughtful action
o Evolutionary most violent men fall into 3 groups: young men,
competitively disadvantaged men, psychopaths
Young men violence as means to increase status, resources,
mating; violent behaviour limited to adolescence and young
adulthood
Competitively disadvantaged men ability to compete in
prosocial ways is limited; life-course persistent
Psychopaths choose short-term high-risk approach; life-
course persistent
Treatment and Management
Correctional Service of Canadas Violence Prevention Program (VPP)
o Intensive cognitive behavioural reintegration program for
incarcerated federal offenders
o Delivered by mental health professional and program officer
o Target group=offenders with at least 2 violence offences, high risk
o Integration of various rehab
o Goal = improve skills thereby reducing risk of future violence
o Delivered in 4 months (120 2 hour sessions)
o Making change, violence awareness, anger control, solving problems
o Objective=participants to develop, articulate and manage a
comprehensive violence prevention plan
Effectiveness
Lower recidivism rates among treated vs untreated offenders
Programs following general principle of effective corrections
(risk, need, responsivity) are more effective
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