•$20 per day for first 10 days In Ontario same
•$60 per day for 11-49th days In Ontario $40 here
•$100 per day 50 days or more In Ontario same
•Jurors are responsible for their own lunches, but during deliberation meals and
accommodation provided, cause have to remain sequestered at this time.
•Sequestered: when jurors are isolated from others, except other jurors, until verdict reached.
Olczak et al. 1991: indicated that lawyers are not very good at selecting favourable jurors, as they
were more likely to make erroneous than accurate decisions.
Why? Cause demographic info and lawyer judgments insufficient for identifying favourable jurors.
Scientific jury selection: characters include
1.Broad based: presumption that certain traits and attitudes make people more likely to be pro
prosecution than pro defense. Individuals high on authoritarianism or dogmatism may be
more likely to side with the prosecution. Lawyers can ask jurors questions to asses these
traits directly during the voir dire: which is the question period when selecting jury.
2.Case specific: in contrast, issues and facts of the case, a specific questioner developed
assessing characteristics that may influence the verdict.
a.Lawyers stack the jury in their favour.
b.In United states trial consultants retained by lawyers monitor and provide feedback
on the juries demeanor.
2 methodologies for scientific jury selecetion:
1.Telephone surveys: asked about demographics, religious affiliation, attitudes, relevance to
2.Focus group mock jury trials: called at random, asked if willing to partake in mock trial,
mock jurors may view video.
2 fundamental characterists of juries in Canada:
1.Representativeness: represents the community where crime occurred, acheived through
randomness. Ex: voter registration list used.
2.Impartiality: jurors who are unbiased, 3 issues:
a.Must set aside biases/ prejudices/ attitudes based solely on admissible evidence.
b.Must ignore any info not part of admissible evidence Ex: media attention.
c.Have no connection to defendant.
Keeping potential jurors impartial:
•Before case goes to trial a preliminary hearing occurs, crown presents case against
•Judge determines sufficient evidence to proceed to trial
•In Canada, at this stage the judge places a ban on medias reporting before end of trial
Methods for increasing impartial jury:
1.Crown or defense agrue trial be moved to another community, change of venue
2.Alternative to moving a trial: adjunment to delaying trial until sometime in the future, major
limitation jurors/witnesses memories fade, witness might die.
3.Cases for which bias is suspected among jury pool: know as challenge for cause.
oCrown and defense may argue that although perspective jury pool partial,