Chapter 10: Domestic Violence & Sexual Offenders
Domestic Violence: Any violence occurring between family members
•In 1980’s woman’s liberation movement and growth of feminism gave women courage to
speak out against such violence.
•Jane (Stafford) Hurshman-Corkum case in Nova Scvotia brough plight of abused woman to
Intimate partner violence, a.k.a spousal abuse: any violence occurring between intimate partners
who are living together or separated. Includes:
•Physical (hitting, punching, stabbing, burning)
•Sexual (funny but no examples were given here, too taboo to even exemplify?)
•Financial (restricting access to personal funds, forcing complete financial responsibility)
•Emotional abuse (verbal attacks, degradation, threats to hurt family members or pets)
The conflict Tactic Scale (CTS): most commonly used to measure domestic assault.
•Measures how person resolves conflict.
•Found that male and female report same frequency and severity of violent behavior.
Husband battering does exist:
Is domestic violence invariably male-initiated?
oNo, same amount of male to female violence, only women engage in more minor
Do males suffer any serious consequences of female initiated violence?
oYes, in spousal violence men were more likely to suffer more serious injuries.
Is there a gender bias in police responses to domestic violence?
oYes, studies suggest that when females injured, male charged 91% of the time, when
male injured, female only charged 60% of the time.
Do the courts treat men and women charged with domestic violence the same way?
oNo, women more likely to have charges against them dropped, less likely found guilty.
Why? Male victims not willing to testify.
Archer (2002): meta-analysis using CTS: found females more likely to engage in minor physical
aggression (slapping, kicking), whereas men more likely to engage in more major (beating up,
1.Way introduced is too vague.
2.Does not include full range of potential violent acts, ex: sexual aggression not included
3.Likely get different results is kicking, biting and punching were not combined into one.
4.Does not take into account different consequences of the same act for men and women. Ex:
treating a punch by a woman and a man as equivalent ignores difference in injury.
5.Does not assess motive for violence, so offensive and defensive violence treated same way.
6.Items may be interpreted differently depending on gender of respondent.
In response to these criticisms Straus et al (1996) revised the CTS to CTS2.
DeKeseredy et al. (1993): reported 35% females, and 17% males had been physically abused at least
once in dating relationship.
Statistics Canada (2004): found both men and women experience violence, although
Women report more severe violence (choked, sexually assaulted, threatened with gun)
Women report more 36% than men 17% when abused.
Theories of Intimate Violence:
Patriarchy: broad set of cultural beliefs and values that support the male dominance over women.