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Chapter 2

Chapter 2 Textbook Notes

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC62H3
Professor
Suzanne Erb

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PSYB30 Personalit y lectures
LECTURE 12: Chapter 7 – Goals & Strivings
Characteristic Adaptations (Motivational, cognitive, and developmental constructs)
David C. McClelland – pioneered the study of many motivations/needs
A recurrent preference of readiness for a parti cular quality of experience, which energizes, directs, and selects
behaviour in certain situations.
oEveryone sees the world differently one of the reasons for this is that we have different motivational
preferences from each other
Motive IS NOT a conscious intention. Motive IS NOT a trait.
oTraits address the question of whatwhat behaviour does one typically show? What feelings?
oMotivational constructs address the question of why” why someone does what they do what is the
motive underlying our behaviour?
oWe are aware of some motives, but McClelland thi nks there are some motivations that are only partially
accessible to consciousness (that shape perception/cognition/behaviour).
Since motive is not necessarily conscious, how do you measure something we are not aware of?
oWe rely most often on self-report, but people cannot report on things they are not aware of McClelland
made use of method first developed by Henr y Mur ray, the Thematic Apperception Te

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Description
PSYB30 Personality lectures LECTURE 12: Chapter 7 Goals & Strivings Characteristic Adaptations (Motivational, cognitive, and developmental constructs) David C. McClelland pioneered the study of many motivationsneeds A recurrent preference of readiness for a particular quality of experience, which energizes, directs, and selects behaviour in certain situations. o Everyone sees the world differently one of the reasons for this is that we have different motivational preferences from each other Motive IS NOT a conscious intention. Motive IS NOT a trait. o Traits address the question of what what behaviour does one typica
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