Textbook Notes (381,007)
CA (168,313)
UTSC (19,303)
Psychology (10,047)
PSYC85H3 (141)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Notes

4 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC85H3
Professor
Michelle Hilscher

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Chapter 1: Touchstones: The Origins of Psychological Thought
a quest for an ideal is translated into science, quest for perfect discovery
The forms
Plato :
-Plato proposed there are perfect forms and appearances
-i.e. way things appear and the way they are
-we seek perfect b/c we exp. Imperfect, what we perceive is imperfect
-Plato was very influnetial in western history
-large influence may be ethnocentric (placing our own culture above others)
-his philosophyis a model for others, draws from pythagorean thought
-for plato we can understand the perfect forms, but we usually aren't aware of them
-View was soul is immortal and knows all
-Debates with Socrates (469-399) helped advanced plato's theories
-the meno illustrated the debate of whether things are innate or learned
i.e. intelligence
-therefore it is difficult to define what these concepts are
-Socrates proposed we can't know what part of something is unless we know the whole
-i.e. we can't give examples of something unless we know what it means
-innate knowledge
-gestalt: form or config
-gestalt psych. say we innately go towards good form
-Plato and Wertheimer believed we have knowledge innately and just have to draw It out
(remember and understand)
Lao-tzu (6th century BC)
-his wisdom is called Taoism
The tension between Confucianism and Taosim
Confucious
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Description
Chapter 1: Touchstones: The Origins of Psychological Thought a quest for an ideal is translated into science, quest for perfect discovery The forms Plato : -Plato proposed there are perfect forms and appearances -i.e. way things appear and the way they are -we seek perfect bc we exp. Imperfect, what we perceive is imperfect -Plato was very influnetial in western history -large influence may be ethnocentric (placing our own culture above others) -his philosophyis a model for others, draws from pythagorean thought -for plato we can understand the perfect forms, but we usually arent aware of them -View was soul is immortal and knows all -Debates with Socrates (469-399) helped advanced platos theories -the meno illustrated the debate of whether things are innate or learned i.e. intelligence -therefore it is difficult to define what these concepts are -Socrates proposed we cant know what part of something is unless we know the whole -i.e. we cant give examples of something unless we know what it means -innate knowledge -gestalt: form or config -gestalt psych. say we innately go towards good form -Plato and Wertheimer believed we have knowledge innately and just have to draw It out (remember and understand) Lao-tzu (6th century BC) -his wisdom is called Taoism The tension between Confucianism and Taosim Confucious www.notesolution.com
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