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Chapter 7

Chapter 7 Notes

Course Code
Michelle Hilscher

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Chapter 7: Structure or Function
Functional psychology and study of animals more pop. In at beginning of 20th cent.
Edward B. Titchener
Believed psych was different point of view of physics
Believed introspection was best method
oIntrospection: describing own experience
Implies psych. Is sum of experience dependent on nervous system
Psychophysical parallelism: experience runs at same time as nervous system,
complement each other, do not cause.
Believed psych was study of generalized human mind
oExcluded specific cases (e.g. abnormal)
Believed in using experimentation, introspection, studying mind
Major contribution was clearly defining view of psych.
Structuralism (1st phase)
Structuralism: explores basics of structures of mind
oTitcheners psych
Differed between structural and functional psych (like bio, structure vs. function of
oApplied to consciousness, understand what is first before what it does
Believed elementary of consciousness was: sensations, images and affection
Titcheners Experimental Psychology (2nd phase)
Wrote Experimental Psychology: A manual of Laboratory Practice
oManual for experimental psych.
students had to be trained to use proper terminology

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Stimulus error: describing object rather than experience
Experimental psych was split into qualitative and quantitative
oQualitative introspection, ass. of ideas
oQuantitative psychophysical
Titchener and the Imageless Thought Controversy (3rd phase)
Wurzburgers believed introspection no better than imageless thoughts, but
Titchener believed thoughts always paired with images
oArgued imageless thoughts had sensations, so werent imageless
oInfluenced jacobsons progressive relaxation technique
Titchener and the Dimensions of Consciousness (4th phase)
Abstract approach to studying consciousness
oE.g. Dimensions of consciousnesses
Quality (variation)
Intensity (strength) considered phenomenological
Extensity (
Protensity (duration)
Titcheners Influence
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