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Chapter 8

PSYA01 STUDY NOTES Chapter 8.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA01H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Semester
Fall

Description
PSYA01STUDY NOTES CHAPTER 8 Emotional Experiences The Feeling Machine Multidimensional scaling to create a map of emotional experiences Valence how positive or negative the experience is Arousal how active or passive the experience is Any definition of emotion must contain two things I The fact that emotional experiences are always good or bad II The fact that these experiences are associated with characteristic levels of bodily arousal Emotion A positive or negative experience that is associated with a particular pattern of physiological activityFor William James each unique emotional experience was the result of a unique pattern of physiological responses and he suggested that without all the heart pounding and muscle clenching there would be no experience of emotion at allJamesLange theory A theory which asserts that stimuli trigger activity in the autonomic nervous system which in turn produces an emotional experience in the brain Emotional experience is the consequenceand not the causeof our physiological reactions to objects and events in the world PhysicalEmotion CannonBard theory A theory which asserts that a stimulus simultaneously triggers activity in the autonomic nervous system and emotional experience in the brainI The autonomic nervous system reacts too slowly to account for the rapid onset of emotional experience II People often have difficulty accurately detecting changes in their own autonomic activity III If nonemotional stimulitemperaturecan cause the same pattern of autonomic activity that emotional stimuli do then why dont people feel afraid when they get a fever Finally Cannon argued that there simply werent enough unique patterns of autonomic activity to account for all the unique emotional experiences people haveTwofactor theory A theory which asserts that emotions are inferences about the causes of physiological arousal People have the same physiological reaction to all emotional stimuli but they interpret that reaction differently on different occasions
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