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Psychology (9,697)
PSYA01H3 (1,206)
Steve Joordens (1,058)
Chapter 5

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Steve Joordens

Chapter 5 Notes Consciousness: a person’s subjective experience of the world and the mind- defining feature of consciousness is experience for humans Phenomenology: how things seem to the conscious person Problem of other minds: the fundamental difficulty we have in perceiving the consciousness of others Mind/body problem: the issue of how the mind is related to the brain and the body - Rene Descartes: the human body is a machine made up of physical matter but the human mind or soul is a separate entity made up of a ‘thinking substance’ - Mind has an effect on the brain and body through the pineal gland (an endocrine gland) 3 properties of consciousness: unity, selectivity and transience 4 Properties of Consciousness 1. Intentionality: the quality of being directed toward an object 2. Unity (or resistance to division): when you try to do more than one thing at a time 3. Selectivity: the capacity to include some objects but not others - Shown through dichotic listening: in which people wearing headphones are presented with different messages in each ear – consciousness filters out some information - Cocktail party phenomenon: people tune in one message even while they filter out others nearby 4. Transience: the tendency to change Minimal consciousness: a low level kind of sensory awareness and responsiveness that occurs when the mind inputs sensations and may output behavior Full consciousness: consciousness in which you know and are able to report your mental state Self-consciousness: a distinct level of consciousness in which the person’s attention is drawn to the self as an object Mental control: the attempt to chance conscious state of mind Thought suppression: the conscious avoidance of a thought Rebound effect of thought suppression: the tendency of a thought to return to consciousness with greater frequency following suppression Ironic processes of mental control: mental processes that can produce ironic errors because monitoring for errors can itself produce them Dynamic unconscious: an active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories, the person’s deepest instincts and desires, and the person’s inner struggle to control these forces Repression: a mental process that removes unacceptable thoughts and memories from consciousness Cognitive unconscious: the mental processes that give rise to a person’s thoughts, choices, emotions, and behavior even though they are not experienced by the person Subliminal perception: a thought or behavior that is influenced by stimuli that a person cannot consciously report perceiving Altered states of c
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